African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2183

Short Communication

Evaluation of use of antibiotic without prescription among young adults

Oyetunde, Olubukola O.*, Olugbake, Olubusola A. and Famudehin, Kehinde F.
Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Biopharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Lagos, CMUL campus Idi araba, Lagos, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  • Article Number - 0EABEFE30136
  • Vol.4(10), pp. 760 - 762 , October 2010
  •  Accepted: 18 October 2010
  •  Published: 31 October 2010


Antibiotics are usually prescription only medicines. A high percentage of world’s antibiotics are however used in the community without prescriptions. The study evaluated use of antibiotics without prescription among young adults in Nigeria. A questionnaire was designed to assess reported purchase, name and use of antibiotic without prescription. 38.79% respondents reported purchase of an antibiotic without a prescription. Only 25.86% correctly named an antibiotic as the medicine purchased. Among the respondents who purchased an antibiotic without a prescription, 90% used medicine for inadequate duration (< 5days) or at wrong dosing intervals. The most commonly named antibiotic purchased without a prescription is Ampiclox®. It is important to enforce regulation and sales of antibiotic to ensure rational use.


Key words: Misuse, self-prescription, antibiotics.