African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2191

Full Length Research Paper

The biochemical changes in rats' blood serum levels exposed to different gamma radiation doses

Mohamed Anwar K Abdelhalim1 and Sherif A. Abdelmottaleb Moussa2,3
1Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Physics, College of Science, Al-Imam Muhammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, P. O. Box 90950, Riyadh, 11623, Saudi Arabia. 3Biophysics Group, Biochemistry Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Division, National Research Centre, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
Email: [email protected] or [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 April 2013
  •  Published: 22 April 2013


This study aimed to address the different gamma radiations doses effect on the liver and kidney function of rats: in vivo. A total of 60 healthy male Wistar-Kyoto rats were whole body gamma irradiated with Co 60 source with 0.883 cG/sec dose rate at the beginning of the experiment. The rats were randomly divided into 4 gamma-irradiation groups (25, 50, 75 and 100 Gy) The serum levels of activity of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma- glutamyltransferase (GGT), UREA, creatinine (CREA) and uric acid (UAC) were measured using automated biochemical analyzer. The ALT, GGT, ALP values significantly decreased with the different gamma radiation doses compared with the control. The AST and UREA values significantly decreased after irradiation with 25 and 50 Gy gamma radiation doses compared with the control while it significantly increased with 75 and 100 Gy gamma radiation doses. The levels of CREA values decreased with no significant manner after the irradiation with gamma radiation doses compared with the control. The levels of UAC values significantly increased with 50, 75 and 100 Gy gamma radiation doses. The serum ALT and AST levels are common markers for hepatic toxicity: A lower amount of ALP indicates liver problems. The decreased CREA and the increased UAC levels might indicate development of nephritis and renal dysfunction. The excess UAC might be converted to crystals depositing in the tiny tubes of the kidney and causing acute kidney damage. It is proposed that oxidative stress is linked to the organ damage following exposure to ionizing radiation, and after the onset of oxidative stress, antioxidant treatment should be applied to delay or prevent the progression of damage.


Key words: Gamma radiation, different radiation doses, liver function, kidney function, rats.