African Journal of
Pharmacy and Pharmacology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pharm. Pharmacol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0816
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPP
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 2213

Full Length Research Paper

Constituents of the Essential Oil from Leaves and Buds of clove (Syzigium caryophyllatum (L.) Alston)

Mohammad Nazrul Islam Bhuiyan,
BCSIR Laboratories, Chittagong Laboratories, Chittagong, Chittagong Cantonment, Chittagong-4220, Bangladesh
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 March 2012
  •  Published: 29 April 2012


Essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation from fresh leaves and dry buds of Syzigium caryophyllatum were analyzed by gas chromatography mass spectrometer (GC-MS). Thirty eight components were identified in the leaf oil. The main components were eugenol (74.3%), eucalyptol (5.8%), caryophyllene (3.85%) and a-cadinol (2.43%). Thirty one components were identified in bud oil with the main components being eugenol (49.7%), caryophyllene (18.9%), benzene,1-ethyl-3-nitro (11.1%) and benzoic acid,3-(1-methylethyl) (8.9%). The clove oil from Bangladesh was found to be comparable in terms of its eugenol content. It is suggested that clove can be grown as an economically viable crop in Bangladesh.


Key words: Syzygium caryophyllatum, bud and leaf oils, essential oil composition, gas chromatography mass spectrometer (GC-MS), eugenol.