African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 686

Full Length Research Paper

Genotype and genotype by environment interaction and grain yield stability of medium maturity groups of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merrill] varieties in Western Oromia, Ethiopia

Adane Arega,
  • Adane Arega,
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, Oromia region, Ethiopia.
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Alemayehu Dabessa
  • Alemayehu Dabessa
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, Oromia region, Ethiopia.
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Meseret Tola
  • Meseret Tola
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, Oromia region, Ethiopia.
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Chala Dabala
  • Chala Dabala
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bako Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 03, Bako, Oromia region, Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 28 May 2018
  •  Accepted: 18 July 2018
  •  Published: 30 September 2018

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to identify high yielding and stable medium maturity soybean varieties across environment and examine the influence of genotype × environment interaction (GEI) on grain yield of soybean varieties in western Oromia.  Seven early soybean varieties were evaluated at five locations (Bako, Gute, Billo, Chewaka and Uke) using randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications for two consecutive years (2016 and 2017). Combined analysis of variance showed that grain yield was significantly (P<0.01) affected by environments, genotypes and GEI. The environment, genotype and genotype by environment interaction accounted for 57.4, 20.9 and 19.8% variations, respectively. The first two principal components (IPCA1 and IPCA2) were used to create a two-dimensional genotype and genotype by environment interaction (GGE) biplot and explained 68.9 and 15.6% of the total sums of squares of GEI, respectively. According to the average environment coordination (AEC) views of the GGE-biplot, soybean variety Didhessa and Hawassa-04 were identified as the most stable and high yielding varieties. In addition, Didhessa and Hawassa-04 also showed better stability performance according to AMMI stability value (ASV), genotypic selection index (GSI), Wricke’s ecovalence and cultivar superiority measure among the evaluated varieties whereas variety Davis and AFGAT were identified as the least stable and low yielding variety. Therefore, among medium maturing soybean varieties, Didhessa, Hawassa-04 and Cheri were recommended for further production in most soybean growing areas of western Oromia.

 

Key words: Additive main effects and multiplicative interaction (AMMI), AMMI stability value (ASV), cultivar superiority measure, genotype, genotypic selection index (GSI).