African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 686

Full Length Research Paper

Identification and control of post-harvest rot of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L.) in Hong, Adamawa State

Kazi N.
  • Kazi N.
  • Department of Plant Science, School of Life Sciences, Moddibo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
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Chimbekujwo I. B.
  • Chimbekujwo I. B.
  • Department of Plant Science, School of Life Sciences, Moddibo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
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Anjili S. M.
  • Anjili S. M.
  • Department of Plant Science, School of Life Sciences, Moddibo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 05 September 2018
  •  Accepted: 14 March 2019
  •  Published: 30 September 2019

Abstract

Pumpkins (Cucurbita pepo) are grown all around the world for a variety of reasons ranging from agricultural purposes to commercial and ornamental sales. The pathogens causing the rot of pumpkin in the world include fungi, bacteria, and viruses. Three hundred and sixty-six (366) fruits of pumpkins were studied in Pela, Gaya and Kulinyi districts of Hong Local Government Area of Adamawa State. The diseased samples (fruits) were randomly purchased. Of all the districts visited, Kulinyi has the highest percentage of disease samples (43.82%) while the least is Gaya district with 21.35%. Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) was used for the isolation of pathogens and these gave Rhizopus stolonifer, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, and Phytophthora capsici. All the fungal isolates exhibited different degree of pathogenic effect on the pumpkin fruits. The pathogens are susceptible to treatment both in-vitro and in-vivo control trials with wood ash and mango leaf at p ≤ 0.05. Inhibition improved with increased in concentration of the wood ash and mango leaf. Rice chaff treatment equally proved worthwhile with significant inhibition compared to the control at p ≤ 0.05.

 

Key word: Pumpkin fruit, pathogens, ash, mango leaf, rice chaff.