An ethno-botanical survey of the non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria was carried out in 2008 with a view to determining the usefulness of the resources to farmers in peasant subsistence. A total of 150 useful species of both plant and animal origins was recorded as having various applications in the lives of the rural dwellers in the area. The result showed that NTFPs in Sapele LGA of Delta State has varying use categories as medicine (76), food (41), local construction (20), and crafts (8) as well as other uses (5) including, income generation socio-cultural and environmental values. The study has also demonstrated that, the people in the area collect these resources daily and many regard in selling them as a means of earning a living.
Key words: Non-timber forest products, ethno-botany, peasant subsistence.
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