For sorghum hybrid development, assessment of parental lines is a pre-requisite. However, information on heterotic performance and combing ability of Ethiopian elite sorghum lines is inadequate. ANOVA revealed, mean squares had signifying substantial amount of variability amongst genotypes for most traits. Males 72, 81 and 99 were the best performing parents for yield and related traits. Hybrids, 106x94, 106x90, 106x102, 107x99 and 107x105 were found maximum heterotic hybrids for yield as compare to check. The estimates of variance of combining ability revealed that σ2gca was found inferior to σ2sca for all traits except plant height and Number of heads. The σ2gca/σ2sca ratio revealed preponderance of supremacy gene action for most traits. The degree of dominance was found greater than unity for entire traits except plant height. The estimations of parental GCA effects showed that female 106 and males 79, 96, 94 and 81 were good general combiners for yield and related traits. Based on perse performance, heterotic response, combining ability and nature of gene action for yield and related traits, female parent 106 and male parents 94, 102 and 90 were found most performed. Those parental lines were grouped into dualistic heterotic groups based on their SCA and GCA results.
Keywords: Combining ability, Elite line, GCA, Heterosis, Heterotic group, Hybrid, SCA, Sorghum