The study was conducted from January to october 2018. The objective of the study was to assess local practice of cultivating medicinal plants around home at Menz Keya Gebreal district, North Shoa Zone Ethiopia. Data were collected from 118 informants randomly selected, by using semi-structured interview, focus group discussion, market survey and guided field walk. Direct matrix ranking, paired compression, and priority ranking wereused in data analysis. From 50 useful plants 18(36 %) were common, 21 (42 %) medium and 11 (22%) were rare. Thirty(60%) medicinal plant species from home gardens, wild 18 spp. (36%) and semi-wild 2 spp. (4%), to be used by the local community. Lamiaceae, contributed 5 species with 5 genera, Fabaceae 4 species with 4 genera and Asteraceae 4 species with 3 genera. 19 (38%) spps were shrubs, 15(30%) trees, 15(30%) herbs and 1(2%) climber. From Priority ranking Solanum tuberosum was the most preferred spp. for food. Paired comparison of 10 spp. Olea europaea sub spp.cuspidata is the most multipurpose plant species. From the identified 50 plant species 23 (46%) species were edible and 27 (54%) non edible. Twenty Seven (54%) plant species used for traditional medicine, 10 (20%) species for spice, and 12 (24%) species for soil fertility conservation. Useful plants were threatened by monoculture, small size garden, unfavorable soil and shortage of man power. Storing rain water using geo-membrane, applying natural fertilizer (compost) and minimizing monoculture were recommended remedial actions.
Keywords: Cultivation practices, Ethnobotany, Menz Keya Gebreal district.