African Journal of
Plant Science

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Plant Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0824
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPS
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 761

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of soil substrate quantity and sowing method on cocoa (Theobroma cacao L.) seedlings growth in Togo

AyiKoffi ADDEN*
  • AyiKoffi ADDEN*
  • Institut de Conseil et d’Appui Technique (ICAT), Unité Technique Café Cacao (UTCC), Kpalimé, Togo.
  • Google Scholar
Gbénonchi MAWUSSI
  • Gbénonchi MAWUSSI
  • Unité de Recherche sur les Agroressources et la Santé Environnementale (URASE), Ecole Supérieure d’Agronomie/Université de Lomé, Lomé, Togo.
  • Google Scholar
Robert Madjoulba BATOCFETOU
  • Robert Madjoulba BATOCFETOU
  • Institut de Conseil et d’Appui Technique (ICAT), Unité Technique Café Cacao (UTCC), Kpalimé, Togo.
  • Google Scholar
Timondjro KOUDJEGA
  • Timondjro KOUDJEGA
  • Institut Togolais de Recherche Agronomique (ITRA), Centre de Recherche Agronomique de la zone Forestière (CRAF), Kpalimé, Togo.
  • Google Scholar
Komla SANDA
  • Komla SANDA
  • Unité de Recherche sur les Agroressources et la Santé Environnementale (URASE), Ecole Supérieure d’Agronomie/Université de Lomé, Lomé, Togo.
  • Google Scholar
Kouami KOKOU
  • Kouami KOKOU
  • Laboratoire de Botanique et d’Ecologie Végétale, Faculté des Sciences/Université de Lomé, Lomé, Togo.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 27 August 2015
  •  Accepted: 20 October 2015
  •  Published: 31 January 2016

References

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Bismark MB (2011). Effect of watering regime and cocoa pod husk on soil fertility and growth of hybrid cocoa seedlings in the semi-deciduous forest zone of Ghana.Master of Science Thesis.Faculty of Mechanical and Agricultural Engineering - Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi-Ghana.

 

DSID (2014). Coffee and Cocoa growers' registration in Togo (RNA 2013).Final Report. DSID/MAEP/World Bank. 73p.

 

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Koko LK, Kassin KE, Yoro G, NGoran K, Yao-Kouame A (2009).Correlation enters the early ageing of the cacao-trees and the morphopedologic characteristics in South-West of Côte d'Ivoire. J. Appl. Biosci. 24:1508-1519.

 

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LoorSolorzano RG (2007). Domestication of the NacionalTheobroma cacao L. variety from Ecuador: An approach to identify the native Nacional variety and its wild ancestors. Ph.D. Thesis of Agronomy Sciences.EcoleNationaleSupérieured'Agronomie de Montpellier, SUPAGRO. 201p.

 

Mohd.Yusoff AS, Ahmad Kamil MJ, Hamzah D (2007). The effect of various rates of phosphate application on the growth of cocoa seedlings and its nutrient uptake in relation to chemically available phosphorus in the soil and age of seedling. Malaysian Cocoa J. 3:1-12.

 

Ogunlade MO (2008). Seedling establishment under old cocoa plantation using neem-fortified cocoa pod husk fertilizer at Ibadan and Owena, South Western Nigeria. Ph.D. Thesis Department of Agronomy. University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

 

Oro ZF (2011). Spatial dynamics and molecular epidemiology analysis of swollen shoot disease of cacao-trees in Togo.Ph.D. Thesis of Agronomy Sciences.Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Agronomie de Montpellier, SUPAGRO. 262p.

 

Oyewole OS, Ajayi OJ, Rotimi RI (2012). Growth of cocoa (Thebroma cacao L.) seedling on old soils amended with organic and inorganic fertilizer. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 7(24):3604-3608.

 

Snoeck D, Abekoe MK, Alfrifa AA, Appiah MRK (2006). The soil diagnostic method to compute fertilizer requirements in cocoa plantations, Proceedings of the International Conference of Soil Science. 10p.

 

Snoeck D, Jardin P (1992). Cacao (Theobroma cacao L.)In:Halliday DJ, Eusserthal ME (1992). World Fertilizer: Use Manual. International Fertilizer Industry Association (IFA).Paris. pp. 520-531.

 

StatSoftInc (1999). STATISTICA 5.5. 

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van Es HM, Gomes C, Sellmann M, van Es C (2004). Spatially balanced designs for experiments on autocorrected fields. In: 2004 Proc. Am. Statistical Assoc., Statistics & the Environment Section (CD ROM). Am. Statistical Assoc., Alexandria, VA.

 

van Es HM, van Es CL (1993). Spatial nature of randomization and its effect on the outcome of field experiments. Agron. J. 85:420-428.
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