African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 389


Dialectics and social transformation in modern political thought: A comparative study of Hegel and Marx

Makodi Biereenu-Nnabugwu*
  • Makodi Biereenu-Nnabugwu*
  • Department of Political Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Patrick Chukwudi Uchendu
  • Patrick Chukwudi Uchendu
  • Department of Political and Administrative Studies, University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 02 September 2015
  •  Accepted: 12 February 2016
  •  Published: 28 February 2017


Whereas Hegel and Marx subscribed to the central role of the dialectics in the historical development of society, they held different standpoints on certain fundamental issues. This study identifies and examines the critical issues and how they contribute to the development of the duo’s respective ideas on social transformation. In doing this, the study relies on documentary instrument of data generation and the technique of constant comparative analysis to underline the underlying uniformities and differences on the dialectics and social transformational content of Hegel and Marx. The study reaffirms that despite identifiable shortcomings, on the balance, dialectics, particularly Marxian dialectics remains an option, indeed a useful tool in philosophical analysis of  not only how the world works, but a means on how to change it.

Key words: Dialectics, materialism, idealism, social transformation.