The Horn of Africa is a term given to the geographic map in the North East part of the African continent. In its wider spatial conception, geopolitical significance, communalities of challenges of peace and security, the nature of state politics and relations, the fluctuating nature of conflict and cooperation, as well as convergence and divergences of interests, the region encompasses eight countries. The region connects Africa with Europe, Asia and the wider Middle east region as it protrudes into the Gulf of Aden and the Red Sea, which is the longest trade route connecting the Suez Canal in the north via Bab el Mandeb to the Indian Ocean. Despite its geopolitical significance, the region remains one of the most unstable, underdeveloped and volatile security in Africa. These multiple challenges and interlinkages affect not only the region but also the international community in variety if its forms, piracy and terrorism are few cases to mention. This calls the involvement of responsible big powers, either as they are responsible to play their part in the maintenance of international peace and security or due to their geopolitical and commercial interest or a merger of all. Currently various powers are engaged in the promotion of peace and security in the region, of which China is one. In lieu of this, then, this paper has examined the major tasks that China is engaged in the promotion of peace and security in the region, presided by theoretical frameworks pertaining to peace and security as well as big power responsibility.
Keywords: Peace and Security, Big Power Responsibility, Peacekeeping, Pirates