At present moment however, both countries are looking forward towards strong relations that once damaged. The tensions that Iran holds regarding the role of United States of America being an oppressor itself and the supporter as well of other oppressive powers in the region, and the ongoing challenges in Iraq and Afghanistan are ever increasing the anxiety on Iranian side. And in this situation Pakistan needs to carefully balance its relations with Iran in comparison to Saudi Arabia also, which stands at extreme opposing grounds towards Iran on both sectarian as well as political basis and as a trusted ally of America, further worsening the situation in this regard. This document will try to describe the politics and tactics adopted by the regional as well as international powers in south west Asia and their result on forming the future shape of Pak Iran relations. As mentioned earlier, the Islamic revolution of Iran in 1979 was the turning point in the Pak Iran relations since the independence. While in 2001, on the other hand, the two states have managed to maintain double-cut normal relations, despite a series of persistent disturbances such as the lack of trust on borders, the difference of stance and opinion regarding Saudi Arabia and the United States and the role of these two powers in Iraqi and Syrian conflicts. A situation in which Pakistani government is ever trying for stability, as it is tied to both Saudi Arabia and Iran. Not all together begin the Saudi factor; global sanctions against Iran extend to the secular power in finance and the purchase and sale of the two states. The Islamic Republic of Iran hopes that Saudi Arabia and the United States will be behind the harsh response of Pakistan to implement the Iran-Pakistan gas system in terms of an agreement signed in 2013. In addition, Iran has anxiety solemn aggressive Iranian cluster trying to look together with Pakistani Baluchistan parts near Iran, in addition to drug smuggling and weapons that are smuggled from Afghanistan to Pakistan and then into Iran.
Keywords: Pakistan Iran relation, External dynamics, opportunities, projection, Challenges