African Journal of
Political Science and International Relations

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Pol. Sci. Int. Relat.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1996-0832
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJPSIR
  • Start Year: 2007
  • Published Articles: 385

Full Length Research Paper

Uganda and the refugee problem: challenges and opportunities

Ahimbisibwe Frank
  • Ahimbisibwe Frank
  • Mbarara University of Science and Technology & Kampala International University, Uganda; Associate Researcher, Institute of Development Policy and Management, (IOB), University of Antwerp, Belgium.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 23 June 2018
  •  Accepted: 17 July 2019
  •  Published: 31 December 2019


Ahaibwe G, Ntale A (2018). Can Uganda afford more South Sudan refugees? The Observer, Retrieved March 4, 2018, from 



Ahimbisibwe F (2015). The Host State and Refugee Security in Uganda: The Case of Rwandan Refugees in Nakivale Settlement, (Doctoral Dissertation), Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara.


Ahimbisibwe F (2016). Rwandan Refugee Rights in Uganda: Analysis of Law and Practice. US-China Law Review 13(12):857-880.


Ahimbisibwe F (2017). Rwandan Refugee Rights in Uganda: Between Law and Practice-Views from Below. (Working Paper No.2017.07), Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp.


Ahimbisibwe F (2017). 'Voluntary' Repatriation of Rwandan Refugees in Uganda: Between Law and Practice-Views from Below, Journal of Identity and Migration Studies 11(2):98-120.


Amnesty International (2017). Help has not reached me here": Donors must step up support for South Sudanese refugees in Uganda, London, Amnesty International Limited.


Bagenda E, Naggaga A, Smith E (2003). Land Problems in Nakivale Settlement and the Implications for Refugee Protection in Uganda, (Refugee Law Project Working Paper No. 8), Makerere University, Kampala.


Betts Al, Louise B, Josiah K, Naohiko O (2014). Refugee Economies: Rethinking Popular Assumptions, Oxford, Humanitarian Innovation Project, University of Oxford, Retrieved February 25, 2018, from 



Betts A,LOuise B,Josiah K,Naohiko O (2017). Refugee Economies: Forced Displacement and Development, Oxford, Oxford University Press.


Burundi sets May 17 for vote on contested reforms. (2018, March 18). Daily Nation. Retrieved April 17, 2018, from 



Dryden-Peterson S, Hovil L (2004). A Remaining Hope for Durable Solutions: Local Integration of Refugees and Their Hosts in the Case of Uganda, Refuge, 22(1):26-38.


Gahene A (2017). Stanbic Bank contributes Shs 225 M to the 2017 MTN Kampala Marathon, ABC Africa.


Gingyera P (1998). Uganda and the Problem of Refugees, Kampala, Makerere University.


Government of Uganda & UNHCR (2017). Joint Statement-'Breaking Point' imminent: Government of Uganda, UNHCR say help for South Sudan refugee inflow urgently needed. Retrieved March 26, 2018, from 



Government of Uganda, UNHCR (2018). Uganda Refugee Response-Monthly Snapshot.


Government of Uganda, United Nations, UNHCR (2017). Uganda Solidarity Summit on Refugees: Translating New York Declaration Commitments into Action.


Government of Uganda, United Nations, World Bank (2017). REHOPE - Refugee and Host Population Empowerment Strategic Framework-Uganda.


Human Rights First (2004). A Decade of Unrest: Unrecognized Rwandan Refugees in Uganda and the Future of Refugee Protection in the Great Lakes, New York, Human Rights First.


Jacobsen K (2002). Can Refugees Benefit the State? Refugee Resources and African State Building, The Journal of Modern African Studies, 40(4):577-596.


Karooma C (2014). Reluctant to Return? The Primacy of Social Networks in the Repatriation of Rwandan Refugees in Uganda. (Working Paper Series No. 103), Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford.


Kasaija AP (2016). Uganda's Lackluster Role as Mediator in Burundi's Political Crisis. (Mediation Arguments No. 11), Center for Mediation in Africa, University of Pretoria.


Kiranda Y. Ojok D, Kamp M (2017). A home away from home? Exploring the Situation of South Sudan Refugees in Uganda, (Country Report of the Konrad Adeneauer Stiftung), Retrieved April 23, 2018, from 



Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung & Young Leaders Think Tank (2017). Uganda's Refugee Management Approach within the East African Community Policy Framework, Kampala, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung.


Milner J (2000). Sharing the Security Burden: Towards the Convergence of Refugee Protection and State Security. (Refugee Studies Centre Working Paper No. 4), University of Oxford.


Milner J (2009). Refugees and the Regional Dynamics of Peace Building, Refugee Survey Quarterly 28(1):13-30.


Milner J (2013). Two steps forward, one step back: Understanding the shifting politics of refugee policy in Tanzania. (Working Paper No. 255), UNHCR New Issues in Refugee Research, Geneva.


Mubiru A (2018). SDA Church Fundraises for Congolese Refugees. New Vision, Retrieved April 16, 2018, from 



Mulemba N (2018). Millions to benefit from 'Run for Refugees' Initiative.


Mulumba D, Olema W (2009). Mapping Migration in Uganda (Policy Analysis Report).


Office of the Prime Minister & UNHCR (2018), Uganda Comprehensive Refugee Response Portal, Retrieved January 19, 2019, from 



OPM & UNHCR (1999). Strategy Paper on Self-Reliance, Self-Reliance for Refugees Hosting Areas in Moyo, Arua and Adjumani Districts 1999-2003. Kampala, OPM & UNHCR.


Pirouet L (1988). Refugees in and from Uganda in the Post-Colonial Period, in Twaddle, M. & Hansen, H.B. (Eds.) Uganda Now, Between Decay and Development. Nairobi: Heinemann Publishers.


Refugee Law Project (2014). South- Sudan Crisis: Impact on Northern Uganda (A Rapid Assessment Report), Retrieved April 10, 2018, from 



Relief web (2018). Refugees Multiply Uganda's Woes, Retrieved March 4, 2018, from View 


Ruhakana R (2017). Foreword: Uganda Solidarity Summit on Refugees-Translating New York Declaration Commitments into Action.


Schiltz, J, Titeca K (2017). Is Uganda really a 'refugee paradise'? Aljazeera, Retrieved March 22, 2018, from 



The Guardian (2017). Switched on' Uganda welcomes refugees - but at an environmental cost. Retrieved April 23, 2018, from



The Guardian (2017). Tensions rise as Uganda neighborly refugee policy starts to feel the strain, Retrieved March 26, 2018, from 



United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (2017). Uganda's contribution to refugee protection and management, Kampala, UNDP


UNHCR (2004). Protracted Refugee Situations, Executive Committee of the High Commissioner's Programme, Standing Committee, 30th Meeting, UN Doc.




UNHCR (2004e). Handbook for Repatriation and Reintegration Activities, Geneva, UNHCR.


UNHCR (2006). State of the World's Refugees: Human Displacement in the New Millennium, Oxford, Oxford University Press.


UNHCR (2011). Submission by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees for the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights' (Compilation Report- Universal Periodic Review: Uganda), Retrieved February 23, 2013, from 



UNHCR (2018a). Global Trends: Forced Displacement in 2017, Geneva, UNHCR, Retrieved June 19, 2018, from 



UNHCR (2018b). Uganda Refugee Response: South Sudan Situation.


UNHCR (2018c). Congolese Situation: Responding to the Needs of Displaced Congolese and Refugees (Annex Uganda Supplementary Appeal), Retrieved February 27, 2018, from View


UNICEF (2017). Uganda Humanitarian Situation (Report), Retrieved April 30, 2018, from 



Whitaker BE (2002). Refugees in Western Tanzania: The Distribution of Burdens and Benefits among Local Hosts, Journal of Refugee Studies, 15(4):339-358.


Williams TD (2015). Pope Francis thanks Uganda for its generosity in welcoming migrants, Retrieved March 12, 2018, from 



World Bank Group (2016). An Assessment of Uganda's Progressive Approach to Refugee Management. World Bank, Washington, DC. World Bank, Retrieved May 11, 2018, from 



World Population Review (2018). Uganda Population 2018, Retrieved April 20, 2018, from 



World Vision (2018). World Vision Uganda: West Nile Refugee Response (Situation Report No. 19).