Educational Research and Reviews

  • Abbreviation: Educ. Res. Rev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1990-3839
  • DOI: 10.5897/ERR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 1939

Article in Press

Mapping Implementation of National Curriculum for Early Childhood Education in Private Schools of District Gilgit

Nadia Rehman, Wenlan Zhang, Shehla Sher, Samia Fatima, Uzma Sarwar

  •  Received: 13 October 2020
  •  Accepted: 19 November 2020
The study was conducted to examine the ECE teachers’ pedagogical skills, availability of required resources in ECE centers run by Aga Khan Education Service (AKES) in the District of Gilgit implementing Early Childhood Education (ECE) curriculum 2007. It was a descriptive study and conducted by following a sequential explanatory mixed-method design to collect the data. The study consisted of two phases,inthe first phase checklist and structured observational Likert scale was used to observe the resources available to apply pedagogical skills prescribe in National Curriculum 2007 and problems faced by ECE teachers. Seven items of the scale were focused on teacher attributes, eight items on pedagogical skills, and seven on the problem and challenges of ECE teachers. phase second comprised of qualitative data collection and analysis. The population of the study wasstudents, teachers, and heads of ECE centers run by Aga Khan Education Services in Districts of Gilgit. A semi-structured interview was designed on basis of the responses of ECE teachers and the results of the observational Likert scale of ECE teachers. The major findings of the study revealed that ECE teachers were facing problems in implementing the National curriculum 2007 due to overcrowded classrooms, insufficient teaching resources material, and lack of open space in the ECE setting. There is an urgent need for the provision of sufficient teaching resource material and required open space in ECE centers to conduct learning activities inside and outside the classroom. The finding of the study also exposed that ECE teachers were not behaving gently and were not providing individual attention to every child at ECE centers. However it was also revealed that the ECE teachers were applying daily routine, lesson review activities, and activity-based methods to improve their language skills. Shortage of learning material, unclear definitions of learning areas, transition in activities, making children comfortable in ECE classroom, and parents' involvement in ECE centers were major challenges faced by ECE teachers. The study recommends for the provision of necessary ECE learning resources, standardized child-teacher ratio, teachers training, collaboration, and communication between the ECE teachers and parents to a successful implementation of the ECE curriculum 2007.

Keywords: Early Childhood Education (ECE), curriculum, High scope, Active learning, implementation, ECE teachers, ECE centers.