International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 592

Article in Press

Abundance, diversity and distribution of primates at Welel Mountain, Kellem Wollega Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Diriba Fufa, Dereje Yazezew and Gezahegn Degefe Sibhatu Gebrehiwot

  •  Received: 31 October 2019
  •  Accepted: 05 December 2019
Abundance, diversity and distribution of primates at Welel Mountain, Kellem Wollega Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia Diriba Fufa, 1 Dereje Yazezew, 2 and Gezahegn Degefe, 3 Sibhatu Gebrehiwot 4 1Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Raya University, P. O. Box 92, Maichew, Ethiopia. 2Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Debre Berhan University, P. O. Box 445, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia 3Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Debre Berhan University, P. O. Box 445, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia 4Department of Biology, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Raya University, P. O. Box 92, Maichew, Ethiopia. Correspondence should be addressed to Diriba Fufa; Email: [email protected] Abstract Primates are the mammals of the order Primate that is characterized by advanced development of binocular vision and enlargement of the cerebral hemispheres. The aim of this study was to investigate the abundance, diversity and distribution of Primates on Welel Mountain. From August 2017 to February 2018, we collected data from different parts of Welel Mountain during wet and dry seasons of the year, and analyzed using SPSS version 20. We identified four primate species including: Chlorocebus aethiops, Cercopithecus mitis, Papio anubis and Colobus guereza. We conducted T-test analysis for abundance and distribution of primates in wet and dry season of the year, and the P-value obtained was 0.20. The mean number of primates in forest, woodland and shrubs were, 43.16%, 32.26% and 24.58% respectively. Shannon-Wiener diversity index (H’) value was high in wet season than dry season. The current study showed that, the species are distributed evenly in wet season than in dry season, and number of young individuals are more than that of adults. This indicate that, currently the status of primate population on Welel Mountain is good. So, to keep the status of primate in the study area effective wildlife management and conservation policy should be formulated.

Keywords: Abundance, Distribution, Diversity, Primates, Welel Mountain