International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 625

Table of Content: March 2014; 6(3)

March 2014

Artificial nest box for house sparrow: An apt method to save the dwindling species in an urban environment

House sparrow Passer domesticus belongs to Passeriformes order and Passeridae Family. It has a worldwide distribution living in all continents and many of oceanic Islands. Some of the ecologists believe that this bird is a symbiotic species with human, hence recognizing and identified as a bird species depended on human environments. A lack of holes suitable for nest sites on modern or renovated buildings has been...

Author(s): Balaji S

March 2014

Abundance of hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas hamadryas) and conflict with humans in Awash National Park, Ethiopia

A study on population size of hamadryas baboon (Papio hamadryas hamadryas) and its conflict with people was carried out from August 2011 to December 2013 in Awash National Park, Ethiopia. Abundance was estimated using total count method at five counting sites. To assess the species conflict with humans, questionnaires and structured interview methods were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical methods...

Author(s): Mesele Admassu, Yosef Mamo and Afework Bekele

March 2014

Impacts of climate change on Yerramalais forest of Eastern Ghats of Kurnool District, Andhra Pradesh, India and options for adaptation

Biodiversity is an element of the natural resource base, which is one of the main components of eco-environment system. It would be noted that the biodiversity in the system of natural resources brings the sustainability in the production and utilization of the eco-environment system on the earth. Biodiversity changes caused by anthropogenic activities through over mining, over grazing, deforestation, and forest-fires...

Author(s): S. Khaleel Basha,  Niaz Parveen D., S. Gopi Krishna and G. Sudarsanam

March 2014

Birds of Srinagar City, Jammu and Kashmir, India

An avifaunal survey was carried out in Srinagar city of Jammu and Kashmir from November 2007 to December 2009 to assess the migratory status and local abundance of the birds. Line and point transect methods were used for sampling. A total of 54 species of birds were recorded. Of these 54 species, 25 species were residents, 17 species were summer visitors (summer migrants) and 12 species were winter visitors (winter...

Author(s): Rahul Kait, Rajesh Manhas, Samriti Aggrwal and D. N. Sahi

March 2014

Farmers’ dependency on forests for nutrients transfer to farmlands in mid-hills and high mountain regions in Nepal (case studies in Hemja, Kaski, Lete and Kunjo, Mustang district)

The study assessed NPK (Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium) transferred through litter from forest to farmlands, forest product extraction systems and farmers' perceptions on forest dependency for maintaining farm fertility in Lete and Kunjo, Mustang (high mountain) and Tibrekot, Kaski (mid-hill region), Nepal. NPK in composite samples of forest litter were determined by standard methods. Questionnaire survey of...

Author(s): Mohan Krishna Balla, Krishna Raj Tiwari, Gandhiv Kafle, Shrikrishna Gautam, Shankar Thapa and Bandana Basnet

March 2014

Woodlands degradation in the Southern Highlands, Miombo of Tanzania: Implications on conservation and carbon stocks

Miombo woodlands is one of the major forest vegetation types covering about two thirds of the country forest land and form an integral part of the rural landscape in Tanzania, also they play crucial role in providing wide range of ecosystem services including carbon sequestration. This study aimed at assessing the effects of degradation on the structure and carbon stocks of miombo woodlands. Data were collected from 50...

Author(s): Thomas C. Sawe, Pantaleo K. T. Munishi and Salim M. Maliondo

March 2014

Regeneration potential and stand structure of a proposed plantation site in the transition zone of Ghana

A proposed timber plantation site (approximately 1,900 hectares) located in the forest-savanna transition zone of the Ashanti Region, Ghana was surveyed. The objectives of the study were (1) to analyze the present stand structure (2) and to assess the tree regeneration potential on the plantation site. The forest assessment used systematic sampling design which revealed an open and fire disturbed stand structure with an...

Author(s): Damian Tom-Dery, Jobst-Michael Schroeder and Joern Struwe

March 2014

In vitro study of effects of growth hormones on sporophyte development of Cyathea spinulosa

Cyathea spinulosa Wall. ex Hook. is a type genus of Cyatheaceae family. It is listed in endangered category of IUCN Red Data Book and also placed in Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Flora and Fauna (CITES) Appendix II. The spore germination, gametophyte morphogenesis and sporophyte rooting of Cyathea in response to 2.0% sucrose and three major growth hormones: Indole–3 acetic acid (IAA),...

Author(s): Jagadish Parajuli and Sanu Devi Joshi,

March 2014

Land use, land cover and climate change impacts on the bird community in and around Lake Zeway, Ethiopia

This study aimed to show impacts of land use and land cover change (LULCC) and climate on waterbird community structure of Lake Zeway and the surrounding areas. Purposive sampling techniques were used to collect primary data. Based on the purposive sampling techniques, 12 key informants and 12 focus group discussants were selected. A semi-structured questionnaire prepared in English and translated into Afan Oromo was...

Author(s): Girma Mengesha, Afweork Bekele, Gail Fraser and Yosef Mamo

March 2014

Diversity and seasonality of some of the ground dwelling invertebrates in the Eastern Region of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

A study was conducted to understand the diversity, distribution, abundance and seasonality of ground dwelling invertebrate species in the eastern region of Abu Dhabi Emirate, from March 2010 to February 2011. Pitfall traps were used for this study in two sites with distinct micro - habitats in the Eastern Region of the Emirate. The site includes a wadi habitat at Jebel Hafit, Al Ain and another one is a gravel plain...

Author(s): Anitha Saji and Shaikha Salem Al Dhaheri

March 2014

Genetic erosion of barley in North Shewa Zone of Oromiya Region, Ethiopia

This study was conducted during the cropping season of 2010 at Degem wereda. The objectives were to assess the extent of genetic erosion of barley and justify reasons for its conservation at community and household levels. Formal and informal surveys were made aimed at assessing causes for genetic erosion and quantify the level of genetic erosion. Collected data were subjected to descriptive statistics; Chi-square test...

Author(s): Girma Megersa

March 2014

Response of a globally endangered canopy insectivore to habitat degradation in an East African tropical rainforest: The role of differential forest protection levels

This study examined the interplay between anthropogenic habitat degradation, forest protection level and density of Turner’s Eremomela (TE) (Eremomela turneri), a globally endangered bird in Kenya’s Kakamega forest. Sampling was conducted from May-June 2012 in two contiguous and one isolated forest blocks. Logging intensity, canopy height and cover, plant species richness and other key anthropogenic...

Author(s): Nickson Erick Otieno, Nixon Sajita and Dennis Shitandayi