International Journal of
Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Biodivers. Conserv.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-243X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJBC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 657

Table of Content: October-December 2020 ; 12(4)

October 2020

Community dependency and perceptions of a protected area in a threatened ecoregion of Myanmar

Local communities living adjacent to protected areas (PA) play a vital role in biodiversity conservation. Understanding communities’ use and perceptions of a PA will increase its conservation effectiveness through reducing anthropogenic pressures and improving park-people relationship. This study assessed local communities’ dependency on the PA and perceptions of benefits and costs accrued from the PA. Using...

Author(s): Thazin Htay,  and  Eivin Røskaft  

October 2020

Small mammal community demography and reproductive seasonality under protection, pastoralism and agriculture in the Serengeti Ecosystem, Tanzania

This work examined population demography and reproductive seasonality among small mammals under protection, pastoralism and agriculture in the Serengeti Ecosystem in 2017 and 2018. Small mammals were trapped to quantify variation in the proportions of actively breeding individuals, juvenile recruitment and adult sex ratio across land use types and seasons. Breeding peaked in the wet season, reflecting a corresponding...

Author(s): Monica Shilereyo, Flora J. Magige, Joseph O. Ogutu and Eivin Røskaft

October 2020

Typology of cocoa-based agroforestry systems of the semi-deciduous forest zone in Togo (West Africa)

In the tropical zone, cocoa-based agroforest systems (CAFS) are considered as a mean to maintain and conserve biodiversiy. In the sub-humid zone of Togo (West Africa), agroforest plant species are key components of the landscape and agricultural lands. Cocoa and coffee agroforest systems contribute directly and indirectly to the livelihoods of an estimated one million people in Togo. Despite this fact, there is only few...

Author(s): Oyetounde DJIWA, Hodabalo PEREKI and Kudzo Atsu GUELLY

October 2020

Effect of pesticide use on weeds, pollinators and microbial activity in Nzoia Sugar Basin of Western Kenya

Diversity of flowering plants, pollinators and microbial activity was assessed in five farms of Nzoia Sugar Company and one outgrower farm in Western Kenya. The overarching study objective was to determine differences in species diversity in the sugar farms using agrochemicals and those not using. To sample flowering plants, transects were laid along sugar farms with quadrats 20 m apart. Sweep nets captured fauna flying...

Author(s): Rebecca Ngumburu Karanja, Anastasia Wairimu Muia, Catherine Kariuki,  Anastasia Njoki Ngigi Reuben Mukundi Njue and Joseph Maina Kariuki  

October 2020

Impact of cocoa cultivation in the forest-savannah transition zone of western Côte d'Ivoire

The mountainous relief of Western Region of Côte d'Ivoire, as well as large savannas bordering the dense semi-deciduous forests, did not make this part of the country an area suitable for cocoa cultivation. However, in search of forest land for cocoa cultivation, a large influx of people has been observed in this area over the last decade. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of human pressure...

Author(s): Kadio Attey N. Koua, Kouassi B. Kpangui and Yao Sadaiou S. Barima

October 2020

Abundance, distribution and ecological impacts of invasive plant species in Maputo Special Reserve, Mozambique

With a few exceptions, comprehensive assessment of invasive plants species (IPSs) list that invade Maputo Special Reserve’s natural ecosystems is lacking. Some available data are either preliminary or localised, or focus on agricultural weeds that leave an ecological gap about IPSs. In order to establish this gap, a study was conducted to asses the impact of IPSs in Maputo Special Reserve. A stratified random...

Author(s): Byabasaija Syliver, Natasha Ribeiro, Eunice Cavane and Matola Salimo

October 2020

Underfunding, the challenge of federally managed protected areas of Ethiopia

This paper presents an analysis of the costs of protected areas (PAs) management in Ethiopia, specifically those managed by the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Authority. The authority is managing a network of protected area (PA) systems covering an area of about 29,950 km2. Primary and secondary data were used. A total of 3,045 rangers are required to effectively control illegal activities. The estimated number...

Author(s): Simeneh Admasu, Hadis Tadele, Mekbeb Tessema and Zelealem Tefera

October 2020

Insights of Legal and illegal wildlife hunting in Selous and Rungwa Game Reserves in the South-East and Central Tanzania

There is a lack of consensus among conservationists regarding the association between trophy hunting and wildlife poaching. Anti-hunting groups argue that trophy hunting is against animal welfare and contributes to wildlife population decline so it must be refuted. On the other hand, pro-hunting groups for advocate regulated hunting as an essential tool for supporting habitat protection and reducing crimes. Regulated...

Author(s): Gasto J. Lyakurwa, Rudolf Mremi and Alex W. Kisingo

October 2020

Dynamics of supply services provided by a protected forest in Côte d'Ivoire

The classified forest of Haut-Sassandra (CFHS) located in the Center-West of Côte d'Ivoire was infiltrated by the population for agriculture in the 2000s. This forest, initially devoted to timber production before its degradation, is today a vast cocoa-growing area associated with food crops, mainly plantains. The objective of the present study is to assess the overall production of wood, cocoa, and plantain...

Author(s): Yao S. S. Barima, Adjo A. Y. Assalé, Anombrou F. A. E. Adiko, Akoua T. M. Kouakou and Issouf Bamba  

October 2020

Analysis of forest cover change in Yabello Forest, Borana Zone, Ethiopia

Analyzing trends of land use and the change over time is an effective way for assessing the impact on ecosystem function. A study was conducted to detect forest cover change of Yabello forest between 1986 and 2016. The land use maps of 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2016 were derived from satellite images. The spatial pattern analysis indicated that the Yabello land use/land cover (LULC) is at a dynamic state and forests had...

Author(s): Sisay Taye Gifawesen, Debela Hunde Feyssa and Gudina Legesse Feyissa  

October 2020

Communities’ attitudes and perceptions towards the status, use and management of Kapolet Forest Reserve in Kenya

Forest communities play a vital role in the conservation of forest resources. Understanding communities’ use, attitudes and perceptions of forests and management measures is significant in attaining conservation goals and reducing forest resource use conflicts. This study sought to assess local community’ forest resources use and their perception towards forest status, use and management. Data was collected...

Author(s): Brian Rotich, Stanley Makindi and Moses Esilaba