State and local governments are instruments of development aimed at bringing government closer to the people so as to ensure their greater and equitable participation in the process of governance. However, in Nigeria, the pattern of infrastructural development is concentrated in the State and local government headquarters, rather than adopting holistic developmental process, which has engender stiff competition and scramble for local government creation among various groups in the polity. Against this background, this paper examines the process of State and local government creation in Nigeria from 1960 till date. The study found that State and local government have and become an avenue for obtaining more allocations from the federal government coffer, as well as political representations at the national assembly. The study presumably hopes to provide useful solution to frequent agitation for creation of more State and local government by recommending that government at all levels (federal, State and local) should be responsive to the aspirations of the people at grassroot so as to reduce further agitation and ensure political stability and development.
Key words: Politics, ethnicity, favouritism, policy lesson, federation, State, local government, State creation, military, democracy.
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