The contribution of the principals in the management of secondary schools in Kenya is crucial because they play a key role on the maintenance of discipline and academic performance. The Ministry of Education established Guidance and Counseling in schools to attain discipline and academic performance. However, student discipline and academic performance has not improved. The study aimed in evaluating principals’ contribution to Guidance and Counseling resources in enhancing students’ academic performance in Kisii County, Kenya. Descriptive survey design was adopted for this study. The target population was 346 principals, 346 teacher counselors and 30,000 form three students of Kisii County. The sampling techniques used were simple random sampling. Pilot study was carried out using 10% of the population. Four schools were sampled for piloting. Data was collected by using structured questionnaires by the researcher. There were three categories of questionnaires; for principals, teachers and students. Content validity was done by using the results of the pilot study. The Test- re-test method was used for reliability estimation of the questionnaires whereby Pearson Moment Product Correlation Coefficient of 0.81 was obtained at p-value or 0.05 was considered reliable. Data collected from the field was analyzed and interpreted using frequencies, percentages, means and regression analysis. The study established that guidance and counseling resources is not independent from the principals’ contribution in the majority of the schools.
Keywords: Guidance and counseling resources, guidance and counseling curriculum, guidance and counseling policy, academic performance.