International Journal of
Educational Administration and Policy Studies

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Educ. Admin. Pol. Stud.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6656
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJEAPS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 215

Full Length Research Paper

Correlates of examination malpractice among secondary school students in Oyo State, Nigeria

Animasahun, R.A.*
  • Animasahun, R.A.*
  • Department of Guidance and Counseling, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.
  • Google Scholar
Ogunniran, J.O.
  • Ogunniran, J.O.
  • Department of Guidance and Counseling, University of Ibadan, Ibadan.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 31 July 2014
  •  Accepted: 22 October 2014
  •  Published: 30 November 2014


Abdulkareem Abdulkareem AY (2003). Examination Malpractice: The way out. A paper presented at the 36th Founders day Anniversary of Ilorin Grammar School, Ilorin, Thursday February 6th, 2003.
Adekale SO (2005). Exam malpractice? Bane of the youths,Ilorin Decency.
Adekale SO (2009). Changing phenomenon in the Nigerian educational system. New perspectives in Nigerian education (ed) Kayode Ajayi and Taiwo Ajayi, Ibadan: Vantage Publishers pp.2-16.
Adekale SO (2013). Lecturing, examinations and illegal issues in the university system. Paper presented at the one day seminar on Ethics and Accreditation held at the university of Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria on Monday, 16th May, 4-6.
Agbo FO (2008). An investigation into the forces behind examination malpractice. A challenge for secondary school education in the 21st century. J. Curriculum Organ. Nigeria 10(2):344-347.
Agboola SU (2007). Factors that influence students" tendency to cheat in examination. Unpublished post graduate diploma project.
Ajibola O (2011). Advocates of examination malpractice retrieved from
Akpan AO (2011). The 21st Century principals in Nigeria. Jos, Ichejum.
Animasahun RA (2013). The Menace of Examination Malpractices in Nigeria Secondary Schools and Remediative Measures towards Attitudinal Re-orientation: The Counsellors's Perspectives. Afr. J. Psychol. Stud. Soc. 16(2):300-309.
Bandura A (2009). Self-efficacy. In A.kazdin(Ed.). Encylopedia of psychology. New York: Oxford University Press
Berliner D (2009). The near imporsibility of testing for teachers quality. J. Teacher Educ. 56(3):205-213.
Campbell (2013). Educational psychology in changing the world. London :George Allien & Smith.
Denga ID, Denga HM (2008). Educational malpractice and cultism in Nigeria. Calabar: Rapid Educational Publishers Limited.
Duze A, Nash W (2011). School cheating behaviour. Rev. Educ. Res. 47:623-632.
Esu AEO (2004). Dimensions and dangers of examination malpractice. Unpublished public lecture of National Youth Fellowship Conference.
Ezezogor SA (2008). West African Examination leakages. J. Nigerian conference of principals of secondary schools 21:130-137
Fagbemi SD (2012). Assessment and education malpractice proceeding of the 16th annual congress of the Nigerian academy of education, held in the University of Jos.
Farrant JS (2012). Principles and practice of education, London Longman Group Ltd.
Generex RL, Mcleed MA (2005). Examination malpractice in Nigeria's education system: perspectives and possibilities. Book of readings on education, environment and sustainable national development, Ife society of Educators, published by cardinal crest Ltd.
Ijaiya NYS (2004). Agents of examination malpractice in Nigerian public exams: who is the strongest link? Paper presented at the 7th National Conference of the National Association of Educational Researcher and Evaluators (NAERE) held at Unilag 21st – 24th June 2004.
Ijaiya NY (2008). Failing schools and national development: Time for reappraisal of school effectiveness in Nigeria. J. Educ. Res. Eval. 10:41.
Ikura F (2012). Malpractices in Public Examinations: Those involved why, when and how Paper presented at the 8th National Conference of the National Association of Education researchers and Evaluators held at the University of Ado-Ekiti form 13-17 June, 2005. Pp.4-10.
Ivor D (2010). Examination malpractice rocks Zamfrara, Lagos: Punch Education, The Punch 17(19,166) September, 10:41.
Jimoh A (2009). Effect of examination malpractice on academic achievement of secondary school students in Vandeikya L.G.A of Benue State. Unpublished B.Ed project.
Maduabum DO (2009). Ethics and professionalism in academics. Paper presented at the Faculty of Education Seminar, University of Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria on 16th May, pp.2-7.
Newberger EH (2003). The men that will become: the nature and nurture of male character. Retrived from
Okafor A (2009). Students' cheating and plagiarism in the internet era: A wake-up call for educators and parents. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited; Eurospan.
Okafor D (2013): Validity of public examination the environment and sustainable development. Book of readings on education, environment and sustainable national development.
Okpan CP (2006). Comparative study of effectiveness in maintenance of discipline among administrators of private and public secondary schools in southern senatorial district of Cross River State, Nigeria. Paper presented at the 29th annual conference of the National Association for Educational administration and Planning held at the University of Calabar, 11-13 October 2005, pp.6-12.
Olanipekun Y (2003). Eradicating Examination Malpractices: a macro-theoretical framework option. Nigerian Journal of Development Issues, Socio, Political and Economic Development 2 (2) pp 72-85.
Olanipekun Y (2011). Academic dishonesty in schools: The intermediate Certificate policies of the board of secondary schools studies 1937–1957. Retrieved from
Omotosho SOO (2007). Different dimensions of cheating in University Examination. Ife J. Educ. Stud. 7(1):17-29.
Omotosho D (2012). How to make 3-3 Secondary School Component of the New System of Education Work in Ondo State. Akure: Paper presented to the All Nigeria Conference of Principals of Secondary Schools pp.4-12.
Onyechere A (2008) Cheating: A world wide problem in 'comes' in At least 33 ways All March 4, 2008.
Saxe H (2012). National Development hinges on quality education. The comet, Thursday, January 2;21.
The Ghanaian Times, (2011): Checking the menace of examination malpractice: A call for more teaching and learning in schools. 
Whitey Associates (2012). Academic dishonesty in schools: The intermediate Certificate policies of the board of secondary schools studies 1937-