International Journal of
Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Fish. Aquac.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9839
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJFA
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 212

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of protease enzyme supplementation on protein digestibility of legume and/or fish meal-based fish feeds

Kemigabo, C.
  • Kemigabo, C.
  • Department of Aquaculture and Fisheries Science, Lilongwe Universities of Agriculture and Natural Resources (LUANAR), P. O. Box 219, Malawi.
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Kang’ombe, J.
  • Kang’ombe, J.
  • National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) of Uganda, Mbarara ZARDI, P. O. Box 389, Uganda.
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Masembe C.
  • Masembe C.
  • Department of Biology, Makerere University, Kampala, P.O Box 7062, Uganda.
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Jere, L. W.
  • Jere, L. W.
  • National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) of Uganda, Mbarara ZARDI, P. O. Box 389, Uganda.
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Sikawa D.
  • Sikawa D.
  • National Agricultural Research Organization (NARO) of Uganda, Mbarara ZARDI, P. O. Box 389, Uganda.
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  •  Received: 27 February 2017
  •  Accepted: 18 April 2017
  •  Published: 31 July 2017

Abstract

Improving protein digestibility in nutrient poor fish feeds through incorporation of dietary enzymes is expected to be achieved with protease. Understanding the role of other dietary enzymes was therefore evaluated to guide appropriate use for optimal fish growth. Protein digestibility of 30, 35, 50 and 55% crude protein (CP) diets was determined with catfish gut enzyme extract, sprouted sorghum, protease and phytase both singly and in a mixture of 500 units of protease and phytase using the pH drop method in vitro. Significant (p<0.05) digestibilities were recorded in 30 and 35% CP diets incorporated with phytase and in 50 and 55% CP diets incorporated with protease singly. These results showed that protein digestibility was more efficient with protease enzyme in high protein diets while phytase was efficient in low protein diets. This implied that the use of protease was more beneficial in catfish starter feeds and phytase in grower/finisher diets and provided a basis for enzyme selection for production of cost-effective catfish diets.

Key words: In-vitro protein digestion, catfish gut enzyme extract, phytase, protease, sprouted sorghum.