International Journal of
Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Fish. Aquac.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-9839
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJFA
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 224

Full Length Research Paper

Water hardness does not influence iodine-induced mortality of rainbow trout eyed eggs

Alex J. Rosburg
  • Alex J. Rosburg
  • Cleghorn Springs State Fish Hatchery, South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks, 4725 Jackson Boulevard, Rapid City, South Dakota 57702, USA.
  • Google Scholar
Cameron Enright
  • Cameron Enright
  • Cleghorn Springs State Fish Hatchery, South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks, 4725 Jackson Boulevard, Rapid City, South Dakota 57702, USA.
  • Google Scholar
Jill M. Voorhees
  • Jill M. Voorhees
  • McNenny State Fish Hatchery, South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks, 19619 Trout Loop, Spearfish, South Dakota 57783, USA.
  • Google Scholar
Michael E. Barnes
  • Michael E. Barnes
  • McNenny State Fish Hatchery, South Dakota Department of Game, Fish and Parks, 19619 Trout Loop, Spearfish, South Dakota 57783, USA.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 04 March 2021
  •  Accepted: 26 May 2021
  •  Published: 30 June 2021

References

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Backer H, Hollowell J (2000). Use of iodine for water disinfection: Iodine toxicity and maximum recommended dose. Environmental Health Perspectives 108(8):679-684.
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Barnes ME, Durben DJ (2008). Petri dish disinfection of eyed eggs from rainbow trout and splake. North American Journal of Aquaculture 70(4):410-414.
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Barnes ME, Bergmann D, Jacobs J, Gabel M (2009). Effect of Flavobacterium columnare inoculation, antibiotic treatments and resident bacteria on rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss eyed egg survival and external membrane structure. Journal of Fish Biology 74(3):576-590.
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Bergmann D, Larson J, Liu T, Huysman N, Barnes ME (2018). Iodine concentrations prior to Initial Incubation do not impact the bacterial communities of landlocked fall Chinook salmon eggs at the eyed state of development. International Journal of Marine Biology and Research 3:1-6. 
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Chalupnicki MA, Ketola HG, Starliper CE, Gallagher D (2011). Efficacy and toxicity of iodine disinfection of Atlantic Salmon eggs. North American Journal of Aquaculture 73(2):124-128.
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Dabrowski K, Ware K, Jaroszewska M, Kwasek K (2009). Evaluation of walleye embryo survival and larval viability after iodine treatment. North American Journal of Aquaculture 71(2):122-129. 
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De Swaef E, Van den Broeck W, Dierckens K, Decostere A (2016). Disinfection of teleost eggs: a review. Reviews in Aquaculture 8(4):321-341. 
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El-Dakour S, Saheb AI, Al-Abdul-Elah K (2015). Effects of commonly used disinfectants on bacterial load, hatchability, and survival of bluefin sea bream (Sparidentex hasta) eggs. Aquaculture Research 46(6):1281-1291. 
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El-Gawad EA, Shen Z-G, Wang H-P (2015). Efficacy of formalin, iodine and sodium chloride in improvement of egg hatching rate and fry survival prior to the onset of exogenous feeding in yellow perch. Aquaculture Research 47(8):2461-2469. 
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Fraise AP, Lambert PA, Maillard JY (2004). Russel, Hugo and Ayliffe's principles and practice of disinfection, preservation and sterilization. Blackwell, Oxford, UK. 
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Huysman N, Bergmann D, Nero P, Larson J, Sabrowski V, Barnes ME (2018). Increasing iodine concentrations during landlocked fall Chinook salmon egg disinfection decrease bacterial numbers with no impact on egg survival. North American Journal of Aquaculture 80(4):363-368. 
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Ingersoll CG (1986). The effects of pH, aluminum, and calcium on survival and growth of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) early life stages. Doctoral dissertation, University of Wyoming.

 

Ketola HG, Longacre D, Greulich A, Phetterplace L, Lashomb R (1988). High calcium concentration in water increases mortality of salmon and trout eggs. The Progressive Fish-Culturist 50(3):129-135. 
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Kumagai A, Takahashi K, Yamaoka S, Wakabayashi H (1998). Ineffectiveness of iodophor treatment in disinfecting salmonid eggs carrying Cytophaga psychrophila. Fish Pathology 33(3):123-128. 
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Lahnsteiner F, Kletzl M (2015). Iodophor disinfection of non-hardened Lota lota, Salmo trutta, and Thymallus thymallus eggs: tolerance levels and iodine permeability. Aquaculture 436:167-171. 
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Loch TP, Faisal M (2016). Gamete-associated flavobacteria of the oviparous Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawtscha) in Lakes Michigan and Huron, North America. Journal of Microbiology 54(7):477-486. 
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Matso AYO, Playle RC, Val AL, Wood CM (2004). Physiological action of dissolved organic matter in rainbow trout in the presence and absence of copper: sodium uptake kinetics and unidirectional flux ratesin hard and softwater. Aquatic Toxicology 70(1):63-81. 
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Neumiller HK, Blain GA, Barnes ME (2016). Incubation of landlocked fall Chinook salmon eggs in petri dishes. North American Journal of Aquaculture 79(2):183-186. 
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Overton JL, Bruun MS, Dalsgaard I (2010). Chemical surface disinfection of eggs of Baltic cod, Gadus morhua L. Journal of Fish Diseases 33(9):707-716.
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Piper RG, McElwain IB, Orme LE, McCraren JP, Fowler LG, Leonard JR (1982). Fish hatchery management. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C.

 

R Core Team (2019). R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.

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Sarkheil M, Rafiee G, Amiri BM, Farhangi M (2014). Effect of different concentrations of waterborne sodium on the hatching rate and ions content of rainbow trout eggs. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 14(1):59-65. 
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Silva L, Golombieski J, Baldisserotto B (2003). Incubation of silver catfish, Rhamdia quelen (Pimelodidae), eggs at different calcium and magnesium concentrations. Aquaculture 228(1-4):279-287. 
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Slama L, Huysman N, Voorhees JM, Barnes ME (2021). Thermal tempering does not increase the survival of eyed salmonid eggs. Open Journal of Applied Sciences 11(3):287-293. 
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Stuart KR, Keller M, Drawbridge M (2010). Efficacy of formalin and povidone-iodine disinfection techniques on the eggs of three marine finfish species. Aquaculture Research 41(11):838-843. 
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United States Food and Drug Administration (2021). Center for veterinary medicine program policy and procedures manual 1240.4200 Supplemental policies enforcement priorities for drug use in aquaculture part A: enforcement priorities for drug use in non-food fish.

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Wagner EJ, Arndt RE, Billman EJ, Forest A, Bartley M (2008). Comparison of the efficacy of iodine, formalin, salt, and hydrogen peroxide for control of external bacteria on rainbow trout eggs. North American Journal of Aquaculture 70(2):118-127. 
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Wagner EJ, Oplinger RW, Arndt RE, Forest AM, Bartley M (2010). The safety and effectiveness of various hydrogen peroxide treatment regimens for rainbow trout egg disinfection. North American Journal of Aquaculture 72(1):34-42. 
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Wagner EJ, Oplinger RW, Bartley M (2012). Effect of single or double exposures to hydrogen peroxide or iodine on salmonid egg survival and bacterial growth. North American Journal of Aquaculture 74(1):84-91. 
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Wood C, McDonald D, Ingersoll C, Mount D, Johannsson O, Landsberger S, Bergman H (1990). Effects of water acidity, calcium, and aluminum on whole body ions of brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) continuously exposed from fertilization to swim-up: a study by instrumental neutron activation analysis. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science 47(8):1593-1603. 
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Zawada A, Polechonski R, Bronowska A (2014). Iodine disinfection of sea trout, Salmo trutta (L.), eggs and the effect on egg surfaces. Archives of Polish Fisheries 22(2):121-126. 
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