International Journal of
Library and Information Science

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Lib. Inf. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2537
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLIS
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 242

Review

Public library intervention in conflict resolutions in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria: Librarian’s perspectives

R. I. Echezona1*, R. E. Ozioko2 and C. F. Ugwuanyi1 
  1Nnamdi Azikiwe Library, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria. 2Department of Library and Information Science, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 March 2011
  •  Published: 31 May 2011

Abstract

 

The paper discussed public library intervention in conflict resolution in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria: Librarians perspectives. The design was a descriptive survey and the population comprised librarians in public and focus group discussion. The sample was made up of 198 respondents including 108 people, 12 each selected from the nine states studied and 90 accessible librarians. Questionnaire and focus group discussion was used to generate data while mean and bar chart were used to analyse the data generated. It was found that struggle for the control of the region by different factions, non provision of jobs and infrastructure are some of the causes of conflict in the region. Destruction of lives and properties and displacement from homes are some of the consequences of lack of adequate information to the people and their extent of awareness of conflict resolution strategies is low. Public libraries can make information freely available to the people, organise workshops and seminars on conflict resolution and collaborate with non governmental organisations (NGOs) to resolve conflict in the region. Cultural heritage preservation and transmission by the public library is a veritable means of unity, peace and conflict resolution among the three ethnic groups of the Niger Delta. Public libraries, information and cultural value system are interrelated and can be used as object of conflict resolution in Niger Delta communities. It was recommended that public libraries should be adequately funded and encouraged to enable them perform this intervention role in conflict resolution in the region.

 

Key words: Public libraries, conflict resolution, Niger Delta, information, librarians, cultural heritage.