The aim of the research was to examine the differences and similarities of the collection development and management activities performed by two public university libraries in Ghana. Secondly, the research investigated the factors preventing library staff of the two libraries from executing the collection development and management activities to the fullest degree. The survey method was used to look at the tasks undertaken by library staff to ensure that the intellectual resources of the library are made available to the library patrons. The respondents consisted of professional and para-professional staff of the libraries and the sampling technique used for the study was purposive sampling. Interview was the instrument used to collect data. The findings indicated that both libraries had sections responsible for collection development and management practices. Secondly, the collection management practices; carried out by both libraries were almost similar. Thirdly, the study discovered some deficiencies as a result of some challenge; common among them were; inadequate funds, lack of collection management policy, lack of appropriate in- house repairs of damaged books and lack of professionals. The study also revealed that both libraries were taking steps to integrate the usage of the library into the curriculum of their parent institutions through user education and the teaching of Information Literacy. The study provides insight into the current collection development and management practices of public academic libraries in Ghana. This will compel the university authorities to pay more attention to the operations of academic libraries.
Keywords: Collection development, collection management, library resources, relevant information, intellectual resources