International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 227

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of proximate content and vitamin profile of Moringa oleifera seed hull

Ibraheem Ademola Saheed
  • Ibraheem Ademola Saheed
  • Organic and Natural Products Division, Scientific and Industrial Research Department, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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Nuhu Aliyu
  • Nuhu Aliyu
  • Organic and Natural Products Division, Scientific and Industrial Research Department, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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Musa Muhammed
  • Musa Muhammed
  • Organic and Natural Products Division, Scientific and Industrial Research Department, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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Ashade Noah Oluwasegun
  • Ashade Noah Oluwasegun
  • Biochemical Division, Scientific and Industrial Research Department, National Research Institute for Chemical Technology, Zaria, Kaduna State, Nigeria.
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  •  Received: 28 July 2018
  •  Accepted: 19 October 2018
  •  Published: 31 August 2019

Abstract

Moringa plant is a plant with increase awareness of its health and nutritional benefits in Nigeria. This study was conducted to examine the nutrient composition of underutilized hull of Moringa oleifera seed. Proximate composition, antinutrients, minerals and vitamins profile of the hull were determined using standard analytical methods. The hull contained crude protein 5.25±0.011%, crude fibre 19.5±0.038%, ash 5.0±0.026%, crude lipid 4.25±0.011%, carbohydrate 55.2±0.062 and moisture content of 10.8±0.033%. Sodium (45.49 mg/100 g) and potassium (24.52 mg/100 g) were the most abundant minerals with appreciable amount of vitamin E and beta-carotene. Alkaloid (0.25%), saponin (10%), oxalate (0.015 mg/100 g) and phytate (0.487 mg/100 g) were found in the hull. It was therefore concluded that the findings of M. oleifera seed hull contain nutritive values that may necessitate its usage in alternative feed formulation instead of just remaining an agro waste.

Key words: Antinutrients, hull, minerals, Moringa oleifera, vitamins.