International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 287

Article in Press

Assessment of Veterinary Services in Selected Areas of Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia

Eyob Eshetu

  •  Received: 29 June 2018
  •  Accepted: 18 September 2018
This study was conducted from November, 2015 to April, 2016 for the aim of to identify the major veterinary service constraints, to assess livestock disease outbreak reporting system and livestock disease control and prevention strategies in the study area. The study was carried out in selected area of Wolaita zone namely: Sodo zuria, Boloso Sore and Damot Gale districts. For this purpose a semi-questionnaire survey was carried out on a total of 80 respondents which includes; 39 livestock owners, 21 veterinary pharmacy owners and 20 public veterinary clinics workers. The study revealed the majority of veterinary services were delivered by public veterinary clinic (96.3%) and the major constraints were shortage of drug availability (54.6%) and distance from vaccine distribution (17.5%). This finding also showed the possible solutions for improving the major constraints of veterinary service in the future; and includes improving the availability of drug (37.5%), improving the understanding of the people on veterinary service (18.8%), improving transportation for animal welfare (13.8%) and developing manpower (13.8%). The sources of information for animal disease were animal health professionals (70%) and people who live in that area (23.8%); and they mostly reported any of the disease outbreak to veterinary clinic (71.3%) and high veterinary officers (23.8%). The animal diseases that are front constraints for livestock production includes Anthrax (8.8%), Pneumonia (7.5%), Blackleg (3.5%) and Pasteurellosis and LSD (80%). The prevention and control of these diseases were mainly constrained by financial constraints (34.5%), lack of harmonization (25%), and lack of data analysis (24.3%) and lack of quarantine service (16.3%). Thus, this study suggested that improving drugs and manpower, infrastructure facility, strengthening the understanding of the communities on veterinary service will greatly enhance the veterinary service delivery system in the area.

Keywords: Constraints; Survey; Veterinary Service; Wolaita Sodo