International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 265

Article in Press

Comparing Management and Biosecurity of Feedlots before Live Animal Export: Livestock Export from Adama Quarantine Stations, DireDawa, Ethiopia

Jirata Shiferaw and Wesenu Berhanu

  •  Received: 01 January 2019
  •  Accepted: 23 May 2019
To improve the competitiveness of live animals and meat export from Ethiopia tremendous interventions in the coordination of livestock marketing activities and biosecurity for provision of market support services are needed. Therefore, this study was conducted to compare and identify the management and biosecurity and major constraints of feedlot industries in Adama quarantine area. Three feedlot farms were used to collect data to compare management and biosecurity of each feedlot and determine the impact of improper animal handling on animal export from Ethiopia. Questionnaire survey was conducted on 40 of the quarantine workers which include the management team, veterinarian in charge and daily laborers. Among the total of 40 people, 62.5% (25/40) answers the animal injured found in the quarantine are due to transportation and incomplete management found in the feedlot. The number of died animals sown in each quarantine stations was quite different in number. In Koshe and Wanji quarantine stations the number of died animals were 11(2.2%) and 12(0.75%) respectively, but the number of died animals in both quarantine stations were significantly different when comparing by their number of animals found in the farm. According to the respondents and statistical evaluation rate the biosecurity measures were scarce in three feedlots or totally absent of feedlot requirements. This leads diseases to cattle which in turn constraint the live animal exports and decrease the requirement of Ethiopia’s livestock in import countries. As statistical evaluation shown the percentage of injury, no isolation of new arrival and sick animals, feed disorder, improper storage of feed, problems in the farm including scarcity of materials, absence of vaccination and contact of species of animals that were not the member of the species those in feedlot were significant reason in study area. Autonomously all respondents were recommended to take responsibility to present quality livestock for export requirement and keep biosecurity measures at all track levels.

Keywords: Adama, feedlot, management and biosecurity, quarantine, Ethiopia