International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 287

Article in Press

Enset (Ensete ventricosum) as a livestock feed in Ethiopia – review

Nigussu Fekade

  •  Received: 24 March 2019
  •  Accepted: 21 June 2019
Feed shortage in terms of quantity and quality is a major problem affecting livestock production and productivity in Ethiopia. Although there is livestock feed shortage in the country however, the available conventional and non-conventional feed resources are not properly utilized by farmers. Enset is a monocarpic short-lived perennial plant which is widely cultivated in the central, southern and south-western parts of Ethiopia. Apart from using it for human food Enset parts can be utilized as animal forage. The pseudo stem and the corm are the most important plant parts in terms of biomass. Enset leaf has crude protein (CP) content of 13%, suggesting its high potential for strategic supplementation during the dry season. Urea supplementation as a 2% solution sprayed on the pseudostem of Enset at the time of feeding appeared to improve intake, degradability and the crude protein content. Enset parts and the fermented product kocho can be used as energy source ingredient in the livestock ration through enhancing productivity. Thus, Enset and the product kocho can be used as livestock feed resource in Enset growing areas of the country.

Keywords: Corm, Enset, Feed, Kocho, Pseudo-stem, Crude Protein