International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 287

Article in Press

Socio-economic characteristics and husbandry practices of dog breeding in western region of Cameroon

Diffo Fokou Paulin, Meutchieye Felix and Mube Kuietche Hervé*

  •  Received: 20 May 2021
  •  Accepted: 15 July 2021
The present study was conducted in order to describe the socio-economic characteristics of canine farmers in Cameroon and the management techniques of their canine herds. The study was carried out between February and May 2019 in the region of West Cameroon. For this purpose, a questionnaire has been addressed to canine breeders to determine the socio-economic characteristics and techniques, and to identify the constraints related to canine breeders. The farmers were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The data generated was subjected to descriptive statistics (percentages). Results revealed that canine breeding is mostly done by men (64.16%) aged between 20 to 40 years (42.85%) and married (67.16%) with 0-5 years’ experience (67%). In a majority, canine farmers are from public services (30.57%), followed by traders (21.30). The mains objectives of canine farming are for security (35.33%) and the company (29.7%). 58.89% of work is done by family members and canine farming generate between 300000 and 400000 FCFA of annual income in household (40.85%). Over the technical plan, 93.48% of breeders have 1 to 5 animals and 52.88% of these animals are a source of problem in the society, because 50.62% are not housed against 63.40% housed in woody cages. Feeding is mainly done with kitchen residues (33.83%). Animals reproduction is uncontrolled (57,89%) because 58,89% of farmers are not able to detect the heat period of their animals and 42,35% of these animals are castrated. The most used biosecurity measure is external deworming (30.82%) whereas the most spread disease is Pavovirose. The main mortality cause of dogs in the west region is due to poisoning (37,59%) while the main constrain of this farming is feeding (23.80%). Animals Canine breeding in the west region is not yet practiced as a principal activity

Keywords: Socio economics, Dog, breeding, West Cameroon