International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 263

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of supplementing Tsara (Pterocarpus lucens), pigeon pea (Cajanes cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture on carcass characteristics of Begait sheep fed hay as a basal diet

Abraham T. Haymanot
  • Abraham T. Haymanot
  • Animal Nutrition Researcher Aksum Agricultural Research Center P. O. Box. 230, Aksum, Tigray, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Getachew Animut
  • Getachew Animut
  • School of Animal and Range Science, Haramaya University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Yaynishet Tesfay
  • Yaynishet Tesfay
  • International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Livestock and Irrigation Value Chains for Ethiopian Smallholders (LIVES), Tigrai Region P. O. Box 1924, Mekelle, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 21 January 2018
  •  Accepted: 04 April 2018
  •  Published: 30 September 2019


Adane H, Girma A (2008). Economic Significance of Sheep and Goats. In: Alemu y and Merkel RC (eds.), Sheep and Goat Production Handbook for Ethiopia: ESGPIP (Ethiopia Sheep and Goat productivity Improvement Program), Brana printing enterprise, Ethiopia. pp. 1-4.


Al-Saiday MY, Abouheif MA, Aziz M, Hafiz I, Al-Owaimer AN (2010).


Impact of particle length of Alfalfa hay in the diet of growing lambs on performance, digestion and carcass characteristics. Journal of Animal Science 23(4):475-482.


Ameha S, Alemu Y, Merkel RC, Gipson TA (2011). Export requirements for meat and live small ruminants; how can development agents assist producers to improve small ruminant export?. Technical Bulletin No 47.


Aschalew A, Getachew A (2013). Supplementation of raw malted and heat treated grass pea (Lathyrus Sativus) grain on body weight grain and carcass characteristics of Farta sheep. International Journal of Soil and Crop Science 1(1):1-6.


Bellof G, Pallauf J (2004). Deposition of protein, fat and energy in lambs. German Merino Land sheep. Animal Science 78(3):369-378.


Bonsi MLK, Osuji PO, Tuah AK (1995). Effect of supplementing teff straw with different levels of leucaena or sesbania leaves on the degradabilities of teff straw, sesbania, leucaena, tagasaste and vernonia and on certain rumen and blood metabolites in Ethiopian Menz sheep. Animal Feed Science and Technology 52(1):101-129.


Burrin DG, Ferrell CL, Britton RA, Bauer Marc (1990). Level of nutrition and visceral organ size and metabolic activity in sheep. British Journal of Nutrition 64:439-448.


Chala M, Ulfina G, Tesfaw A, Lemma F (2014). Growth performance and carcass characteristics of Horro rams under different management practices at Ambo University, Ethiopia. Global Journal of Animal Science Research 2(2):184-189.


Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2014). Livestock and livestock characteristics (private peasant holdings), federal democratic republic of Ethiopia, Agricultural sample survey. Statistical Bulletin 573:2, August 2014 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Devendra C, McLeroy GB (1982). Goat and sheep production in the tropics. Longman.


Devendra C (2005). Small Ruminants in Asia: Contribution to food security, poverty alleviation and opportunities for productivity enhancement. In: Ledin I (Ed), Proceeding of international workshop on small ruminant production and development in South East Asia. MEKARN, Nong Lam, HCMC, Vietnam pp. 19-32.


Ethiopian Privatization Agency (EPA) (2002). Investment and innovation policy review of Ethiopia. United Nations Confer-ence on Trade and Development. 138p. United Nations New York and Geneva 2002. 



Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nation (FAO) (2001). Production Year book. Vol. 55. Rome, Italy.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2004). "Livestock sector brief Ethiopia: livestock information sector analysis and policy branch Rome Italy.


Food and Agricultural Organizations of the United Nation (FAO) (2009). FAOSTAT data. Accessibleat.


Fasae OA, Adu IF, Dipeolu MA (2011). Growth performance, carcass characteristics and meat sensory evaluation of west African dwarf sheep fed varying levels of maize and cassava hay. Tropical Animal Health Production 43:503-510.


Gebreslassie G (2012). Effects of Supplementing Wheat Bran and Graded Levels of Dried Accacia Saligna Leaves on Feed Intake, Body Weight Gain, Digestibility, Carcass and Semen Qualities of Highland Sheep M.Sc Thesis, Mekele University, Mekele, Ethiopia.


Gebretnsae M (2011). Effects of supplementing edible branches of dried acacia Senegal and cactus cladodes on feed intake, digestibility, body weight gain and carcass characterstics of local sheep fed barly straw. MSc.Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.


Hagos A (2011). Effect of Supplementation with Air Dried Leaves of African Wild Olive (Olea africana), Red Thorn (acacia lahi) and their Mixtures on Performance of Tigray Highland Sheep Fed Grass Hay. MSc. Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.


Hagos H (2014). Effect of Supplementation of Concentrate Mixture, Dried Local Brewery Byproduct (atella), faidherbia albida and sesbania sesban on the Performance of Local Sheep Fed Hay Basal Diet M.Sc. Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.


Hirut Y (2008). Supplementation with concentrate mix to Hararghe highland sheep fed a basal diet of urea-treated maize stover: Effect on feed utilization, live weight change and carcass characteristics. M.Sc. Thesis Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.


Hunegnaw A, Berhan T (2016). Effects of supplementation with pigeon pea (Cajanus cajun), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and lablab (Lablab purpureus) on feed intake, body weight gain and carcass characteristics in Wollo sheep fed grass hay. International Journal of Advanced Research in Biological Science 3(2):280-295.


Micheale Y, Yaynshet T (2014). Feed utilization, digestibility and carcass parameters of Tigray highland sheep fed wheat straw supplemented with mixtures of wheat straw supplemented with mixtures of wheat and cotton seed cake in Tigray Ethiopia. ABC Research Alert 2(1).


Mulu M (2005). Effect of Feeding Different Levels of Breweries Dried Grain on Live Weight Gain and Carcass Characteristics of Wegera Sheep Fed on Hay Basal Diet. MSc. Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.


Mushi DE, Safari J, Mtenga LA, Kifaro GC, Eik LO (2009). Growth and distribution of non-carcass components of Small East African and F1 Norwegian crossbred goats under concentrate diets. Livestock Science 126:80-86.


Pralomokarn W, Kochapakdee S, Saithanoo S, Norton BW (1995). Energy and protein utilization for maintenance and growth of Thai native and Anglo-Nubian x Thai native male weaner goats. Small Ruminants Research 16(1):27-35.


Statistical Analysis System (SAS) (2008). SAS Version 9.2 User's Giude, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.


Weldegebriel B, Kefelegn K, Mulat H (2014). Body weight gain and carcass parameters of Tigray highland sheep supplemented with acacia seyal pods and wheat bran mixture in hay based feeding. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Health Care 4(17):12-21.


Wood CD, Bisivamber NT, Vanessa EP, Ciaran JP, Barry TR, Padmini SVD, John TR, Margaret G (1994). Interspecies differences and variability with time of protein precipitation activity of extractable tannins, crude protein, ash, and dry matter content of leaves from 13 species of Nepalese fodder trees. Journal of Chemical Ecology 20(12):3149-3162.


Zemicael G, Solomon M (2009). Intake, digestibility, body weight and carcass characteristics of local sheep Teff straw supplemented with sesame seed meal or wheat bran and their mixtures. East African Journal of Science 3(1):37-42.