International Journal of
Livestock Production

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Livest. Prod.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2448
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJLP
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 195

Full Length Research Paper

Supplementary value of two Lablab purpureus cultivars and concentrate mixture to natural grass hay basal diet based on feed intake, digestibility, growth performance and net return of Horro sheep

Abuye Tulu
  • Abuye Tulu
  • Bako Agricultural Research Center, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Yadav Ram Khushi
  • Yadav Ram Khushi
  • School of Animal and Range Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences, Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Diriba Geleti Challi
  • Diriba Geleti Challi
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, P.O. Box. 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 25 December 2017
  •  Accepted: 22 February 2018
  •  Published: 30 June 2018


Abebe T (2006). Supplementation with linseed (Linum usitatssimum) cake, wheat bran and their mixtures on feed intake, digestibility, live weight change and carcass characteristics in intact male Arsi-Bale sheep. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia, pp. 19-37.


Abraham T (2015). Supplementation of Tsara(Pterocarpus lucens), pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) leaves and concentrate mixture on growth performance and carcass characteristics of Begait sheep fed hay as a basal diet. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia, pp. 41-44.


Adane H, Girma A (2008). Economic significance of sheep and goats, In: Alemu Yami and Markel, R.C. Sheep and Goat Production Hand book for Ethiopia. ESGPIP (Ethiopian Sheep and Goat Production Improvement Program), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp. 2-24.


Adugna T, Merkel RC, Goetsch AL, Sahlu T, Negesse T (2000). Nutritional constraint and future prospects for goat production in East Africa, In: Opportunities and Challenges of Enhancing Goat Production in East Africa, Conference held at Debub University, Awassa, Ethiopia, November 10–12, 2000, pp. 43-57.


Association of Official Analytic Chemists (AOAC) (2005). Official Methods of Analysis: 18th editions: Association of Official Analytic Chemists, Washington, DC.


Awet E, Solomon M (2009). Supplementation of Graded Levels of Wheat Bran to Intact and Castrated Afar Sheep Fed Urea Treated Teff Straw: Effects on Feed Intake, Digestibility, Body Weight and Carcass Characteristics. East Afr. J. Sci. 3(1):29-36.


Berhanu A, Getachew A, Adugna T (2014). Effect of Birbra (Millettia ferruginea) foliage supplementation on feed intake, digestibility, body weight change and carcass characteristics of Washera sheep fed natural pasture grass hay basal diet. Springer Plus. 3:50.


Birhanu T, Getachew A, Mengistu U (2013). Effect of Green Prosopis juliflora Pods and Noug Seed (Guizotia obissynica) Cake Supplementation on Digestibility and Performance of Blackhead Ogaden Sheep fed hay as a Basal Diet. Sci. Technol. Arts Res. J. 2(2):38-47.


Biru K (2008). Effects of supplementation with sweet potato tuber and haricot bean screenings on feed utilization, growth and carcass characteristics of Adilo sheep. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia. pp. 41-47.


Bonsi MLK, Tuah AK, Osuji PO, Nsahlai VI, Umunna NN (1996). The effect of protein supplement source or supply pattern on the intake, digestibility, rumen kinetics nitrogen utilization and growth of Ethiopian Menz sheep fed teff straw. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 64(1):17-23.


Brown L, Hindmarsh R, Mcgregor R (2001). Dynamic Agricultural book three (2nd Ed.): McGraw-Hill Book Company, Sydney, 357p.


Central Statistical Agency (CSA) (2016). Agricultural Sample Survey 2016/ 2017 (2009 E.C), Volume II: Report on Livestock and livestock characteristics (Private peasant holdings). Statistical Bulletin 585: Central Statistical Agency (CSA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Dawit A, Solomon M (2009). Effect of supplementing urea-treated barley straw with Lucerne or vetch hays on feed intake, digestibility and growth of Arsi Bale Sheep. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 41:579-586.


Dereje W (2015). Effect of substitution of concentrate mix with dried Mulberry leaves on feed intake, digestibility, body Weight gain and carcass characteristics of Arsi-bale Goats. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia, pp. 38-42.


Devendra C, Burns M (1983). Goat Production in the Tropics: Common wealth Agricultural Beauro, Farnham house, Farnham Royal, Slough SL2 3BN UK, 183.


Diriba G, Mekonnen H, Ashenafi M, Adugna T (2013). Nutritive Value of Selected Browse and Herbaceous Forage Legumes Adapted to Medium Altitude Sub-humid Areas of Western Oromia, Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria, 11(6):809-816.


Diriba D, Yoseph M, Mengistu U, Adugna T (2015). Carcass Yield and Composition of Supplementing Hararghe with Ficus sur (cv. Forssk.) Fruits to a Basal Diet of Natural Pasture hay. Sci. Technol. Arts Res. J. 4(4):09-17.


Ermias T (2008). Effect of supplementation with barley bran, Linseed meal and their mixtures on the performance Of Arsi-bale sheep fed a basal diet of faba bean haulms. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia, pp. 33-34.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2002). Animal production based on crop residue; china`s experiences. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Animal Production and Health Papers, 149:39.


Fentie B (2007). Effect of supplementation of hay with noug seed cake (Guizotia abyssinica), wheat bran and their mixtures on feed utilization, digestibility and live weight change in Farta sheep. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia. pp. 31-37.


Firisa W, Adugna T, Diriba D (2013). Feed Intake, Digestibility and Growth Performance of Horro lambs fed Natural Pasture hay Supplemented Graded Level of Vernonia amygdalina Leaves and Sorghum Grain Mixture. Sci. Technol. Arts Res. J. 2(2):30-37.


Getahun K (2014). Effects of wheat straw urea treatment and Leucaena leucocephala foliage hay supplementation on intake, digestibility, nitrogen balance and growth of lambs. Int. J. Livest. Prod. 6(4):88-96.


Gizaw S, Abegaz S, Rischkowsky B, Haile A, Mwai AO, Dessie T (2013). Review of sheep research and development projects in Ethiopia. Nairobi, Kenya: International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI).


Gül S, Keskin M, Kaya S (2010). Olive Cake usage as an Alternative to Cotton Seed Meal in Dairy Goat Feeding. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 5(13):1643-1646.


Gulten K, Rad F, Kindir M (2000). Growth performance and feed conversion efficiency of Siberian Sturger juveniles (Acipenserbaeri) Reared in concentrate ways. Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci. 24:28.


Hunegnaw A, Berhan T (2016). Effects of supplementation with pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan), cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) and lablab (Lablab purpureus) on feed intake, body weight gain and carcass characteristics in Wollo sheep fed grass hay. Int. J. Adv. Res. Biol. Sci. ISS:2348-8069.


Jalel F (2013). Effect of feeding graded levels of wild silver leaf desmodium (Desmodium uncinatum) on feed intake, digestibility, body weight change and carcass characteristics of Horro sheep fed a basal diet of Natural pasture hay. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia, pp. 24-36.


Kaya S, Keskin M, Gül S (2006). Effect of Yucca Schidigera Extract (DK 35 Powder) on Awassi Lambs Performance. J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 5(1):57-59.


Koralagama KDN, Mould FL, Fernandez S, Hanson J (2008). Effects of supplementing maize stover with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) haulms on the intake and growth performance of Ethiopian Sheep: The Animal Consortium. 2:6:954-96.


Kosgey IS, Baker RL, Udo HMJ, Van Arendonk JAM (2006). Successes and failures of small ruminant breeding programmes in the tropics: A review. Small Rum. Res. 61:13-28.


McDonald P, Edwards RA, Greenhalgh JFD, Morgan CA (2002). Animal Nutrition, 6th edition: Prentice Hall, Harlow, England, London. 693p.


Mekonnen D, Mengistu U, Gemede D (2016). Effects of Supplementation with Cajanus Cajan, Lablab Purpureus or Their Mixture on Feed Utilization, Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Horro Sheep Fed A Basal Diet of Natural Grass Hay. J. Biol. Agric. Health Care. 6:17.


Mulat A (2006). Effects of supplementing different protein sources on feed intake and live weight gain of local Sheep fed on Finger Millet (Eleucine coracana) Straw basal diet. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.


Mulat A, Tamir B, Kurtu YM (2011). Feed utilization of Ethiopian highland lambs on a basal diet of Eleucine coratcana straw and supplemented with variously sourced protein mixed with wheat bran. Trop. Anim. Health Prod. 43:115-120.


Norton BW (1982). Differences between species in forage quality. pp. 89-110. In: J. B. (edt), nutritional limits to animal production from pastures. Proc. Of an international symposium held at St. luice, Queens land, Australia, 24-28 August 1981, Common Wealth Agric. Bureaus, UK.


Nsahlai IV, Umunna NN (1996). Sesbania and lablab supplementation of oat hay basal diet fed to sheep with or without maize grain. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 61:275-289.


Rajihan SK (1999). Animal Nutrition in the Tropics, 4th revised edition, New Delhi, India.


Statistical Analysis System (SAS) (2002). User's Guide: version 9.1.3, Statistical Analysis System Institute, Inc. Cary, NC.


Shashie A, Mengistu U, Getachew A, Mohammed Y (2017). Feed Intake, Digestibility, Growth Performance and Blood Profiles of Three Ethiopian Fat Tail Hair Sheep Fed Hay Supplemented with Two Levels of Concentrate Supplement. Open J. Anim. Sci. 7:149-167.


Tilley JMA, Terry RA (1963). A two stage technique for in vitro digestion of forage crops. Journal of British Grassland Society, 18:104.


Upton M (1979). Farm Management in Africa: The Principle of Production and Planning. Oxford University Press, Great Britain. pp. 282-298.


Van Soest PJ, Robertson JB, Lewis BA (1991). Methods for dietary neutral detergent fibers and non starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci. 74:3583-3597.


Worknesh S (2014). Digestibility and growth performance of dorper×afar f1 sheep fed Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana) hay supplemented with alfalfa (Medicago sativa), lablab (Lablab purpures), Leucaena leucocephala and concentrate mixture. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia, pp. 36-40.


Yeshambel M, Mengistu U, Getachew A (2012). Intake, digestibility, live weight changes and rumen parameters of Washera sheep fed mixtures of lowland bamboo (Oxytenanthera abyssinica) leaves and natural pasture grass hay at different ratios. Pak. J. Nutr. 11(4):322-331.


Yohannes U (2011). Supplementation of different level of corn silage with linseed meal on performance of black head Ogaden sheep fed grass hay. MSc Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia, pp. 30-40.