Background: Central obesity is an apple shape distribution of fat to the abdominal area, currently identified as a major risk for metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease due to accumulation of liable fat.
Objective: To assess the magnitude of central obesity and associated factors among adults in Jimma Town
Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was employed on 845 adults chosen using multi stage sampling technique from March to April 2016. An instrument adapted from WHO-STEP wise questionnaire was used with interviewer administered technique for data collection; and Epi data version 3.1 and SPSS version 20 were used for data entry and analysis respectively. Bivariate analysis was done and all covariates with p-value <0.25 were entered into multivariable logistic regression analysis. AOR with 95% CI and p value<0.05 level of significance were used to assess factors associated with central obesity.
Results: The magnitude of central obesity was 24.6% [95% CI: (21.5, 27.5)]. Adults aged between 35-44, 45-54 and 55-64 [AOR= 3.26, 95% CI (1.87-5.69)], [AOR= 3.28, 95% CI(1.71-6.29)] and [AOR= 3.58 95% CI(1.39-9.15)] respectively, being female [AOR = 3.25, 95% CI: (2.12, 4.97)], higher wealth index [AOR = 3.24, 95% CI: (1.99, 5.29)], physical inactivity [AOR = 1.83, 95% CI: (1.20, 2.79)], alcohol consumption [AOR = 1.84, 95% CI: (1.24, 2.73)], consume snack [AOR = 1.62, 95% CI: (1.13, 2.33)] and eating diversified diet [AOR = 0.49, 95% CI: (0.33, 0.72)] showed significant association.
Conclusions: The magnitude of central obesity among adults in the study area was high and due to that, there will be a higher risk of Chronic Non communicable diseases. Increased Age, being female, increased wealth, alcohol use, low dietary diversity, consuming snack and physical inactivity were independently associated with central obesity.
Keywords: Adult, Central obesity, Jimma Town, Ethiopia