International Journal of
Nursing and Midwifery

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2456
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 213

Article in Press

Alcoholic liver biomarkers: determinants for admission to rehabilitation centres during the Covid 19 period in Kenya

George Njoroge, Catherine Mwenda, Ezekiel Mecha and Stanley Waithaka

  •  Received: 15 June 2022
  •  Accepted: 01 August 2022
Consumption of alcohol is a practice world over that dates back to 10,000 Before Christ. Evaluation on the damages caused by the alcohol on the human organs such as the liver is paramount. There is no direct evaluation to liver parenchyma before admission rather blood samples are evaluated to show damage or no damage to the liver cells. The outcome of the blood samples denote the health status of the liver cells before admission. Alcohol biomarkers are usually elevated when there is damage to the liver parenchyma. This was a quantitative descriptive cross sectional study. Purpose sampling was used to select two Counties with the highest number of alcohol consumers. Simple Random sampling method was used to select participants for liver biomarkers. Participants were requested to consent for blood donation and confidentiality was maintained. Blood samples collected were separated for serum and cells using centrifuge within one hour after donation. The samples were transported for storage using cool boxes and temperature was maintained between -8 and +8 degrees during transportation. The blood samples were stored at -8 and +8 degrees in the deep freezer. Majority (97%) of the participants had alanine aminotransferase levels of 41 to 80 IU/L. Eighty eight percent of the participants had aspartate aminotransferase elevated to between 35 and 68 IU/L. Gamma Glutamyl aminotransferase was elevated in all of the participants while alanine phosphatase was elevated in 99% of the participants. Most participants had elevated liver biomarkers before admission to rehabilitation centre.

Keywords: Admission, rehabilitation centres, liver biomarkers, alcoholic liver injury.