International Journal of
Nursing and Midwifery

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Nurs. Midwifery
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2456
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJNM
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 210

Full Length Research Paper

Awareness and barriers to utilization of maternal health care services among reproductive women in Amassoma community, Bayelsa State

Onasoga A. Olayinka
  • Onasoga A. Olayinka
  • Faculty of Nursing, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Osaji Teresa Achi
  • Osaji Teresa Achi
  • Faculty of Nursing, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Alade O. Amos
  • Alade O. Amos
  • Faculty of Nursing, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Bayelsa State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar
Egbuniwe Michel Chiedu
  • Egbuniwe Michel Chiedu
  • Nnamdi Azikiwe University Teaching Hospital, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Accepted: 29 November 2013
  •  Published: 31 January 2014


Addai  I (2000). Determinants of use of maternal-child health services in rural Ghana. J. Biosoc. Sci. 32(1):1-15.
Babalola S, Fatusi A (2009). Determinants of use of maternal health services in Nigeria: looking beyond individual and household factors. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 9:43.
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) World Fact book (2012). Maternal Mortality Rate: Country Comparison.
D'Ambruoso L (2005). Midwives Attitudes to Women in Labour in Ghana Accra, Mikono Publisher.
Darmstadt GL, Bhutta ZA, Cousens S, Adam T, Walker N, de Bernis L (2005). Evidence-based, cost-effective interventions: how many newborn babies can we save? Lancet 365:977–88.
Federal Ministry of Health (2005). National Reproductive Health Policy and Strategy. Abuja, Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Health.
Kebebe E, Medhanit G, Dawit S, Kassahun N (2012). Determinants of Community Based Maternal Health Care Service Utilization in South Omo Pastoral Areas of Ethiopia. J. Med. Med. Sci. 3(2):112-121.
Ladipo OA (2008). Delivery of an Effective Maternal and Child Health Services in Nigeria. Accessed May 20, 2011.
Mekonnen Y, Asnaketch M (2002). Utilization of Maternal Health Care Services in Ethiopia. Calverton, Maryland, USA: ORC Macro.
National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ORC Macro (2004). Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. Maryland: Calverton.
Natukunda C (2007). Midwifery Behaviour and Practice. Accra: Mikono Publishers.
NDHS (2003). Infant and Child Mortality. Nigerian Central Bank Annual Report Statement of Accounts. Abuja, Nigeria: Nigerian Central Bank.
Onasoga OA, Opiah MM, Osaji TA, Iwolisi A (2012). Perceived Effects Of Midwives Attitude Towards Women In Labour In Bayelsa State, Nigeria. Appl. Sci. Res. 4(2):960-964.
Dayaratna V, Winfrey W, Hardee K, Smith J, Mumford E, McGreevey W, Hardee K, Smith J, Mumford E, Sine J, Berg R (2000). "Reproductive Health Interventions: Which Ones Work and What Do They Cost?" Policy Project Occasional Paper 5. Futures Group International, Washington, DC.

Safe Motherhood (2002). Safe Motherhood: a matter of human rights and social justice. 


Shiffman J, Okonofua FE (2007).The state of political priority for safe motherhood in Nigeria. Brit. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 114:127–133.

United Nations (2002). World Programme of Action Concerning Disabled Persons. 


Wong EL, Popkin BM, Gullkey DK, Akin JS (2004). Accessibility, quality of care and prenatal care use in the Philippines. Soc. Sci. Med. 24:927-944.
World Health Organization, UNICEF, UNFPA and The World Bank (2012). Trends in maternal mortality: 1990 to 2010. WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and The World Bank estimates. Geneva: WHO. 59p.
World Bank (2002). Health Systems Development Project II. Washington, DC: World Bank.
World Health Organization (2007). Maternal mortality in 2005: estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and the World Bank. Geneva: WHO.
World Health Organization (2010). Maternal health. 
World Health Organization (2012). Meeting to Develop a Global Consensus on Preconception Care to Reduce Maternal and Childhood Mortality and Morbidity. WHO Headquarters, Geneva Meeting report. Geneva: WHO.