International Journal of
Psychology and Counselling

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Psychol. Couns.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2499
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 213

Full Length Research Paper

Risks, protection factors and resilience among orphan and vulnerable Children (OVC) in Ethiopia: Implications for intervention

Belay Tefera
  • Belay Tefera
  • College of Education and Behavioral Studies, School of Psychology, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Missaye Mulatie
  • Missaye Mulatie
  • Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Gondar University. Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 27 November 2013
  •  Accepted: 24 February 2014
  •  Published: 31 March 2014


The purpose of this study was to investigate risk, protective factors and resilience among orphan and vulnerable children (OVC) in Ethiopia. Two hundred eighty two orphan and vulnerable children were randomly selected from.  Data were collected by using self report questionnaire. The results show that most orphans and vulnerable children faced family, school and community related risks factors. Sizeable number orphan and vulnerable children faced community related problems including negative discrimination rejection and social isolation, social or cultural.  However most of them failed to use protective factors to buffer these risks. Consequently, most OVC were found to be less resilient. 
Key words: risks, protective factors, resilience, orphan and vulnerable children.