International Journal of
Psychology and Counselling

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Psychol. Couns.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2499
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 220

Full Length Research Paper

Expanding the internalized homonegativity Scale by including the factor of fear of being identified as a non-heterosexual person

José Moral De La Rubia
  • José Moral De La Rubia
  • Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico.
  • Google Scholar
Adrian Valle De La O.
  • Adrian Valle De La O.
  • School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tecnológico de Monterrey Mexico.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 18 May 2019
  •  Accepted: 29 July 2019
  •  Published: 31 August 2019


The purpose of this instrumental research was to expand the Internalized Homonegativity Scale to assess a new factor, the fear of being identified as a non-heterosexual person, and to validate the new instrument. A questionnaire was applied to an incidental sample of 200 medical students from a private university in Monterrey, Mexico. This questionnaire was composed of four items about socio-demographic information, one is about self-defined sexual orientation, 16-item Internalized Homonegativity Scale (plus five items to assess the new factor), Attitude Towards Lesbians and Gay Men Scale, and Kinsey’s Sexual Orientation Scale. The overall internal consistency was excellent. Upon removing two items, a four-factor model was reproduced through exploratory factor analysis; the goodness of fit was good. The four factors showed evidence of internal consistency and discriminant validity. The IHN-21 total score followed a normal distribution and its mean was higher among men than among women. IHN-21 had negative correlation with age and sexual orientation, and positive correlation with attitude of rejection towards gay men and lesbians. It is concluded that the scale shows internal consistency and reliability and construct validity.


Key words: Homonegativity, attitude, sexual orientation, factor analysis, psychometrics.