International Journal of
Psychology and Counselling

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Psychol. Couns.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2499
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPC
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 213

Full Length Research Paper

Patterns and structures of worry among college students in Hawaii and Japan

  Ayano Yamaguchi1 and Min-Sun Kim2*    
  1College of Foreign Studies, Reitaku University, 2-1-1 Hikarigaoka, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba-ken 277-8686, Japan. 2Communicology, University of Hawaii, Manoa, Hawaii, USA.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 10 January 2013
  •  Published: 31 January 2013



This study presents a comprehensive conceptualization of the structure of worry and its effect on social anxiety. Six hundred and sixty male and female college students in Hawaii and Japan completed a quantitative questionnaire survey, and the data were analyzed using exploratory factor analysis (EFA). However, the unique pattern of worry structure in Japanese male students was different from the findings of the two-dimensional EFA results. Japanese male samples are more likely to be concerned first with their personal worry issues rather than social worry aspects. Because of the economic crisis and a lack of social trust in social capital, the Japanese male students are more likely to have a hard time obtaining full-time jobs and to have to endure the burden of social pressures related to the Japanese job hiring system. Overall, the data indicate that social factors such as quality of life, social capital, risks, illness, concern and worry have an impact on college students’ health and well-being.


Key words: Culture, social anxiety, concerns, patterns and structures of worry, social factors.