International Journal of
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Plant Physiol. Biochem.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2162
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPPB
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 106

Article in Press

Yield and growth performance of banana (Musa sapientum) varieties under Shewarobit Condition, Amahra Regional State, Ethiopia

Hailay G.1,3*, Gebre Kiross2 , Buzyehu D.3 , Kidane T.4 and Ashenafi M.4

  •  Received: 16 August 2014
  •  Accepted: 28 November 2015
Diversification of crops and increasing yield is crucial to endorse food security in Ethiopia. In line with this, Shewa robit is an area where out of the major horticultural crops most of the farmers are engaged in onion production only. Hence, introduction and expansion of other horticultural crops may help to improve the livelihood of the farmers and alleviate malnutrition. To fill the gap in part, an experiment was conducted at Shewa robit during 2013 and 2014 to evaluate performance of banana varieties, namely ‘Giant cavendish’, ‘Williams-1’, and ‘Grand nain-1’ to select the best variety with good yield and quality. To do this, an experiment was laid out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) and replicated four times. Data was collected on growth yield and yield components. Significantly (p<0.05) shortest pseudostem height was recorded on ‘Dawrf cavendsh’. Comparing the average finger weight, height of tallest sucker, base girth, bunch height, top girth, peel weight, and edible portion was shown to be statistically similar among the varieties. But, results of analysis of variance revealed the highest total soluble solid, yield, hand number per bunch, and n umber of fingers per bunch. The results also revealed that the highest pulp weight, total soluble solid bunch weight, and yield were recorded on ‘‘Dawrf cavendsh’’ variety. The farmers also selected variety for its less prone to wind damage and other horticultural characteristics of the fruit quality. Therefore, ‘‘Dawrf cavendsh’’ can be used for production of banana in Shewa robit area. However, the varieties were tested once in one location; it is recommendable to further test the varieties in many locations with different season and agronomic factors to exploit this cash crop. Beside, comparing the cultivars for their postharvest shelf life will also be vital to complete the study

Keywords: Banana, varieties, ‘Williams-1’ ‘Grand Nain-1’, ‘Giant cavendish’