International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2572


A review of audio based steganography and digital watermarking

M. L. Mat Kiah1, B. B. Zaidan2,3,4,  A. A. Zaidan2,3,4*, A. Mohammed Ahmed1 and Sameer Hasan Al-bakri1
1Department of Computer System and Technology, Faculty of Computer Science and IT, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 2Faculty of Engineering, Multimedia University Jalan Multimedia, 63100 Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia. 3Predictive Intelligence Research Cluster, Sunway University, Selangor, Malaysia. 4Institute of Postgraduate Studies/ Research and Development Group/Al-Madinah International University, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 07 June 2011
  •  Published: 18 August 2011


With the increasing usage of digital multimedia, the protection of intellectual property rights problem has become a very important issue. Everyday, thousands of multimedia files are being uploaded and downloaded. Therefore, multimedia copyrights become an important issue to protect the intellectual property for the authors of these files. In this paper, the domains of digital audio steganography, the properties of H.A.S, the audio and the digital representation transmission environments, and its software metric, are discussed. The main purpose of this paper is to provide a proper background on the usage of audio file for the purpose of implementing new approaches and techniques in digital watermarking and steganography.


Key words: Digital audio, steganography, data hidden domains, H.A.S, copyright, intellectual property, audio environments, digital representation, watermarking and transmission environment, software metrics.