International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2533

Full Length Research Paper

Combustion properties of Rowan wood impregnated with various chemical materials

Hakan Keskin1, Neslihan Süzer Ertürk2, Mustafa Hilmi ÇolakoÄŸlu3 and Süleyman Korkut4*
1Department of Woodworking Industry Engineering, Technology Faculty, Gazi University, 06500 BeÅŸevler, Ankara, Turkey. 2Department of Industrial Technology, Industrial Arts Education Faculty, Gazi University, 06830 Gölbaşı, Ankara, Turkey. 3Technology Development Foundation of Turkey (TTGV) 06800 Bilkent, Ankara, Turkey. 4Department of Forest Industrial Engineering, Forestry Faculty, Düzce University, 81620 Düzce, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 24 April 2013
  •  Published: 23 May 2013

Abstract

The common use of Rowan wood (Sorbus aucuparia Lipsky) in the forest products industry of Turkey, was evaluated for some of the combustion properties after impregnation with various chemical materials. For this purpose, the wood test samples prepared from Rowan wood materials according to TS 345 were treated with Tanalith-E, Vacsol-Azure, Imersol-Aqua and Boron compounds (Borax and Boric asid) by the vacuum impregnation process in accordance with ASTM D-1413 standards and directives of the manufacturer. After impregnation, each sample was tested for observation of retention amount and combustion properties (ASTM E 160-50). It has been proven that combustion properties of the impregnated Rowan wood materials were affected by impregnated materials. As a result, combustion temperature was measured as highest in Imersol Aqua (458.686°C) and the lowest in Borax (439.023°C). The impact of impregnation material decreases after the ignition and the main impact was in flame sourced combustion. In addition, boric acid reduces the material loss in combustion, ensuring that the material is more resistant to sudden collapse and destruction. As a result, it appears that impregnation of wood material with appropriate boron treatment will further increase combustion temperatures and provide additional fire resistance and a degree of security.

 

Key words: Rowan wood, combustion properties, Tanalith-E, Vacsol-Azure, Imersol-Aqua, Boron compounds.