International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2543

Full Length Research Paper

Study of the effect of particles size and volume fraction concentration on the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of Al2O3 nanofluids

Faris Mohammed Ali, W. Mahmood Mat Yunus* and Zainal Abidin Talib
Department of Physics, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 July 2013
  •  Published: 30 July 2013

Abstract

In this study we present new data for the thermal conductivity enhancement in four nanofluids containing 11, 25, 50, and 63 nm diameter Aluminum oxide (Al2O3) nanoparticles in distilled water. The nanofluids were prepared using single step method (that is, by dispersing nanoparticle directly in base fluid) which was gathered in ultrasonic device for approximately 7 h. The transient hot-wire laser beam displacement technique was used to measure the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity of the prepared nanofluids. The thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity were obtained by fitting the experimental data to the numerical data simulated for Al2Oin distilled water. The results show that, the thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity enhancement of nanofluids increases as the particle size increases. Thermal conductivity and thermal diffusivity enhancement of Al2O3 nanofluids was increase as the volume fraction concentration increases. This enhancement attributed to the many factors such as, ballistic energy, nature of heat transport in nanoparticle, and interfacial layer between solid/fluids.

 

Key words: Thermal conductivity, thermal diffusivity, effect of particle size, effect of volume fraction.