International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2537

Full Length Research Paper

Biosorption of lead ions from aqueous solution by maize leaf

N. A. Adesola  Babarinde1*, J. Oyebamiji.Babalola2 and R. Adebowale Sanni1
1Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria. 2University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 24 August 2006
  •  Published: 30 September 2006

Abstract

The removal of lead ions from dilute aqueous solution using maize (Zea mays) leaf as the adsorbent is reported in this paper. The effects of pH, initial metal ion concentration and contact time were studied at 27ºC. The analysis of residual Pb(II) ions was determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Maximum adsorption occurred at pH 3. The adsorption isotherms obtained at 27ºC and optimum pH fitted well into both the Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms. The Freundlich and Langmuir equations are log Г =0.504 log Ce+0.6939 and 1/Г = 0.176/Ce–0.03, respectively. The correlation factors are 0.9959 and 0.9939. The result of the pH experiment shows that the initial pH would play a vital role in the removal of the lead ions from solution. The kinetic studies show that uptake of lead ions increases with time and that maximum adsorption was obtained within the first 30 min of the process. These results indicate that maize leaf has potential for removing lead ions from industrial wastewater.

 

Key words: Adsorption, Pb(II), Freundlich isotherm, Langmuir isotherm, maize leaf.