International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2529

Full Length Research Paper

Study on three-dimensional flow of Maxwell fluid over a stretching surface with convective boundary conditions

T. Hayat1,2*,  S. A. Shehzad1 and A. Alsaedi2      
1Department of Mathematics, Quaid-i-Azam University 45320, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan. 2Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, P. O. Box 80257, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 December 2011
  •  Published: 30 January 2012

Abstract

Three-dimensional flow of non-Newtonian fluid induced by a stretching surface has been studied. The constitutive equations of Maxwell fluid are used. The surface possesses convective boundary conditions. Computations have been carried out for the non-linear problem. Convergence of the obtained solutions is discussed. Impact of the influential parameters involved in the heat transfer analysis is emphasized. Comparison with the previous results is shown. It is found that effects of Deborah and Biot parameters on the Nusselt number are opposite. The Prandtl and Biot numbers have qualitative similar impact on the Nusselt number.

 

Key words: Maxwell fluid, convective boundary condition, stretched surface, three-dimensional flow.