International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2557

Full Length Research Paper

Building integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) module in urban housing in Khartoum: Concept and design considerations

Zeinab Abdallah M. Elhassan1*, Muhammad Fauzi Mohd Zain1, Kamaruzzaman Sopian2 and A. Abass1        
1Department of Architecture Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built of Environment, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600, UKM, Bangi, Selangor D. E., Malaysia. 2Department of Mechanical and Material Engineering, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 15 December 2011
  •  Published: 16 January 2012


This paper searches to find out building of integrated photovoltaic (PV) system designs in Khartoum. It discussed technical issues and the design of an integrated PV in domestic use, within an urban approach towards sustainability in energy. PV systems can be used to develop the solar energy in almost all kinds of applications. Exploiting of solar energy for domestic use is one avenue where the energy produced from the sun is converted into electricity to power most if not all the appliances available at our homes and residences. Building a PV system is the process of designing, selecting and calculating the ratings of the equipment employed in the system. This process depends on a range of factors such as geographical location, solar irradiation and load requirements. The procedures utilized in building were introduced and the equipment of a grid-connected PV system was selected based on the watt-hour demand which was 3.8 kW. As a case study, a residence in Khartoum with low energy consumption is selected.


Key words: Photovoltaic, Khartoum, module.