International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2572

Full Length Research Paper

Study of performance of CeO2/ZnO nanocatalysts for the oxidative coupling of methane using carbon dioxide as oxidant

S. Al Mayman1, Y. Al Zeghayer2,3*, W. AlMasry2, I. AlNashef2, S. Ramay2 and A. Jbar2
1Energy Research Institute, KACST, P. O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia. 2Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P. O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia. 3Industrial Catalysts Research Chair, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 November 2012
  •  Published: 30 December 2012

Abstract

This study shows how CeO2/ZnO nanocatalysts were prepared by combining homogeneous precipitation with micro emulsion using a conventional heating technique. The catalysts were then used in a conventional fixed bed reactor for the oxidative coupling of methane using carbon dioxide as an oxidant. Catalyst performance tests were carried out at atmospheric pressure, feed gas of 33 and 45 ml/min, and reaction temperatures was in the range of 700 to 900°C. The effect of adding promoters such as Lithium (Li), Bismuth (Bi), and Zirconium (Zr) in various loadings was studied. In this regard, it was found that proper calcination conditions can yield a nanocatalyst structure. However, the conditions for the occurrence of a nanostructure depend strongly on the type of the added promoter. The effects of the number of operating parameters were studied. Catalysts prepared with Zr were found to be more active and selective to ethylene at high calcination temperatures. Catalysts prepared with Bi, on the other hand, showed better activity at lower reaction temperatures. As with Li, the catalysts showed nearly the same activity at low calcination temperatures. As to the effect of feed ratio of methane to carbon dioxide, catalysts prepared with Li showed good activity and selectivity with the increase in the feed ratio. In opposite, catalysts prepared with Zr showed better activity and selectivity at low feed ratios. As to Bi, the increase in feed ratio has an effect on the catalyst activity but not on the selectivity. The study of the effect of different loading of Zr showed that optimal loadings have to be below 5% in weight.

 

Key words: Oxidative coupling of methane, carbon dioxide, CeO2/ZnO catalyst, homogeneous precipitation, micro emulsion.