International Journal of
Physical Sciences

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Phys. Sci.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1992-1950
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJPS
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 2546

Article in Press

Integrated Geotechnical and Mineralogical Evaluation of the Subgrade of some failed Pavements along Enugu-Onitsha Express way Southeastern Nigeria

Ukor Kelechi Paulinus*, Kelechi Paulinus, Igwe, Ogbonnaya, Nzereogu, Stella Kosi, Eze and Kelechi Nnaji

  •  Received: 15 April 2022
  •  Accepted: 01 September 2022
This research is focused on the constant pavement failure in parts of the Enugu-Onitsha express way. The failed portions are constructed on the natural subgrade known to be the Shale of Enugu and Mamu Formations respectively. Five (5) Shale samples each were obtained from the Formations, and were subjected to geotechnical tests, mineralogical analysis, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and statistical analysis. The outcome of the geotechnical tests revealed that the liquid limits (LL) are of high plasticity with values ranging from 57.69 - 62.61% and 53.57 – 56.24%, plasticity index (PI) values ranging from 20.32- 24.37% and 13.37-15.32%, Slake durability index (SDI) values ranging from 0.55 – 31.8% and 63.4 – 71.6%, for Enugu and Mamu Shales respectively. From the Unconfined compressive strength (UCS) test, the cohesion (C) values ranged from 37.36 – 43.89KPa and 24.22- 27.07KPa, soaked California bearing ratio (CBR) values ranged from 1.03 – 1.22% and 0.90 – 1.60% for Enugu and Mamu Shales respectively. The tests results are below requirements laid down by Federal Ministry of Works and Housing (FMWH) for pavement construction. X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) analysis revealed major minerals to be quartz and kaolinite. Moreover, kaolinite disperses and migrates when moist hence geotechnical failure. Images from SEM revealed presence of micro pores and fractures which can be used as a reference to the geotechnical tests results. Statistical analysis of key geotechnical parameters such as SDI, PI, C and CBR revealed strong correlation. The evaluated results pointed out that the underlined natural subgrade is poor for pavement construction, thus requires stabilization.

Keywords: Subgrade, Enugu Shale, Mamu Shale, Scanning Electron Microscopy.