International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 299

Article in Press

YOUTH VULNERABILITY TO SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC RISKY ACTIVITIES IN OSUN-STATE, NIGERIA

SIMON ADEKUNLE OYEGBILE and TOKUNBO OYESOLA

  •  Received: 23 August 2018
  •  Accepted: 24 September 2018
The involvements of youths in various risky activities across social and economic spheres of life are alarming and have exposed youths to various risks of different magnitudes. This has invariably increased their vulnerability, taking toll on the social, economic, health and environmental lifecycle of the affected group of individuals. This study therefore investigates the vulnerability of youths to social and economic risky activities in Osun-State, Nigeria. The study was carried out in two Local Government Areas (LGAs) of the state. Simple random sampling was used to select urban, peri-urban and rural communities in the two LGAs. A total number of 167 respondents were sampled. Structured questionnaire was used to collect primary data for the study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The mean age of the respondents was 14.5±1.35 years, with 53.9% males and 46.1% females, many (93.4%) were single and only 6.6% were married. More than half (67.1%) of the respondents have secondary school education. Economic activities engaged in by the respondents include roadside hawking, farm hired labour and riding of motorbike for commercial purpose, and bus conductor among others. While social risky activities engaged in by the respondents include sexual acts (mostly unprotected sexual acts), gambling, smoking and alcoholism among others. Self-sponsor in school, parents’ poverty situation, peer pressure and meeting personal needs were reasons given by respondents for engaging in these activities. Significant relationship existed between sex (x^2=0.254), age (r = 0.265; p<0.05), family size (r= 0.265; p<0.05) and level of vulnerability of the respondents, while significant difference existed in the level of vulnerability of male and female respondents (t = 1.26; p<0.05). The youth should therefore be properly educated and enlightened on the danger of getting involved in risky economic and social activities and the negative impact of such activities could make on them in the long run.

Keywords: Vulnerability; youth; social, economic risky activities.