International Journal of
Sociology and Anthropology

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sociol. Anthropol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2006-988X
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSA
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 280

Full Length Research Paper

The role of women in livelihood security at household level among pastoral and agro-pastoral societies of Ethiopian Somali region: The case of two selected districts from Fafen zone of Ethiopian Somali Region

Belay Womber Gurmu
  • Belay Womber Gurmu
  • Department of Sociology, College of Social Sciences and Humanities, Jigjiga University, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 17 March 2018
  •  Accepted: 07 May 2018
  •  Published: 30 June 2018


Asian Development Bank (ADB)(2008). The Sustainable Livelihood Approach, Solution to Knowledge.


Alemu T (2006). The Roles, Prospects and Challenges of Micro Credit in Improving the Status of Women in Selected Pastoralist Community" A Report Prepared for the SOS Sahel Gender and Pastoralism Project, Addis Ababa.


Baulch B, Umer A (2005).Trading in an Uncertain Environment: Livestock Marketing and Price Behaviour in the Somali Region of Ethiopia. Report for the Pastoral Communication Initiative. Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.


Belay W, Gamach F .(2016). Challenges and Prospects in Sustainable Livelihood Security and Cope up With Shocks among Ethio-Somali Pastoralists and Agro-Pastoralists: The Case of Awbare and Kebri-Beyah Districts (unpublished)


Birtukan A (2016). Rural women's access to and control over land in East Gojjam during the Derg and EPRDF, Springer Berlin Heidelberg.


Chambers R, Conway G (1992). Sustainable rural livelihoods: practical concepts for the 21st century. IDS Discussion Paper No. 296. Brighton, UK, Institute of Development Studies.


Elizabeth MK (2008). Women and Development. Copenhagen Consensus 2008 Challenge Paper, Copenhagen Consensus Center.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2011). The State of Food and Agriculture. Women in Agriculture, Closing the Gender Gap for Development.


Flintan F (2006). Combating Marginalisation of Pastoralist Women: SOS Sahel's Experience in Ethiopia" Gender & Development 14: 223-33.


Flintan F (2007) 'A Sharing of Past Experiences' in: Ridgewell and Flintan (eds.) (2007) Gender and Pastoralism Vol. 2: Livelihoods and Income Development in Ethiopia SOS Sahel Ethiopia, Addis Ababa


Flintan F (2006). Combating Marginalisation of Pastoralist Women: SOS Sahel's Experience in Ethiopia, Gender & Development 14:223-33.


Frankenberger T (1996). Measuring household livelihood security: an approach for reducing absolute poverty. Food Forum, No. 34. Washington, DC, USA.


Gittinger J (1990). Household Food Security and the Role of Women, World Bank Discussion Papers No 96, Washington D.C.: World Bank.


Haggman T (2006) .Pastoral Conflict and Resource Management in Ethiopia's Somali Region. PhD Thesis, Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration (IDHEAP), University of Lausanne.


Jackson E (2011). The Role of Education in Livelihoods in the Somali Region of Ethiopia, A Report for the BRIDGES project, Feinstein International Center.


Quisumbing A (2003). Household Decisions, Gender, and Development: A Synthesis of Recent Research. IFPRI, Washington DC.


Quisumbing A, Maluccio J (2003). Resources at marriage and intrahousehold allocation: Evidence from Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Indonesia, and South Africa' Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 65(3):283-328.


PFE, IIRR, DF (2010). Pastoralism and Land: Land tenure, administration and use in pastoral areas of Ethiopia.


Reshid A (2004). The Role Of Women In Agro-Pastoral Household Food Security-The Case of Erer Woreda, Shinile Zone, Somali National Regional State (Unpublished MA Thesis)


Ridgewel A, Flintan F (2007). Livelihoods & Income Development in Ethiopia, Gender & Pastoralism; SOS Sahel Ethiopia: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Volume 2.


Ridgewel A, Getachew M, Flintan F(2007). Rangeland & Resource Management in Ethiopia, Gender & Pastoralism; SOS Sahel Ethiopia: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Volume 1.


Sofa Team, Cheryl D (2011). The Role of Women in Agriculture: ESA Working Paper No. 11-02. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations


Saito KA (1994). Raising the Productivity of Women Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa,World Bank Discussion Paper 230, Africa Technical Department Series, Washington, D.C.: World Bank.


Smith LC, Ramakrishnan U, Ndiaye A, Haddad LJ, Martorell R (2003). The importance of women's status for child nutrition in developing countries. IFPRI Research Report 131. IFPRI (International Food Policy Research Institute), Washington, DC, USA.


Woreda Disaster Risk Profiling Programmed (WDRPP).2012. Summary of Harshin Woreda profile.


World Bank (2001). Engendering development: through gender equality in rights, resources, and voice. World Bank, Washington D.C.