International Journal of
Science and Technology Education Research

  • Abbreviation: Int. J. Sci. Technol. Educ. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-6559
  • DOI: 10.5897/IJSTER
  • Start Year: 2010
  • Published Articles: 74

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of HIV/AIDS epidemic and related sicknesses on family and community structures in Nigeria: Evidence of emergence of older care-givers and orphan hoods

  T. G. Apata1*, M. A. Y. Rahji2, O. M. Apata3, J. O. Ogunrewo4 and O. A. Igbalajobi1
  1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Joseph Ayo Babalola University (JABU), Ikeji Arakeji, Ilesa, Osun State, Nigeria. 2Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. 3Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria. 4Department of Library Services, Joseph Ayo Babalola University (JABU), Ikeji Arakeji, Ilesa,  Osun State, Nigeria.
Email: [email protected]

  • Article Number - A9F2F3E2127
  • Vol.1(4), pp. 73-84, September 2010
  •  Accepted: 23 April 2010
  •  Published: 30 September 2010



The rate of increase in HIV/AIDS is changing family structure wiping out middle generations of adults (breadwinner) leaving the aged and the young ones to take up responsibilities of support and care of their needs. The study examined this prevalence of increase in older carer and under-aged who have taking up responsibilities of meeting needs, in Benue State, Nigeria. The study revealed that about 21.82% of all children studied aged 14 years and below had lost one or both parents to HIV/AIDS and assumed the roles of parenthood. The modal class of older carers is 71 - 76 years and that of vulnerable children is 11 - 14 years old, respectively. Analysis revealed that 64.45% of the older carer group were classified poor and were living on $1 per day. Farming livelihood activity still constitutes a major income generating activities among the older carers and these categories in farming constitute the poorest (68%). Coping strategy adopted to augment shortfalls from farm income is selling off assets/properties among others. The study concluded that there is need to empower older carers on basic and simple entrepreneurial activities that can generate sustainable income and policy of streamlining the orphans into an effective care.


Key words: HIV/AIDS, impact assessment, livelihoods, older carer, orphans and vulnerable children, Benue State, Nigeria.

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