Journal of
Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development

  • Abbreviation: J. Agric. Biotech. Sustain. Dev.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 2141-2340
  • DOI: 10.5897/JABSD
  • Start Year: 2009
  • Published Articles: 132

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation in Gampela (Burkina Faso) of agronomic performances of peanut genotypes (Arachis hypogaea L.) selected in Texas

Sanon E.
  • Sanon E.
  • Department of Biology and Plant Physiology, Biosciences Laboratory, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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Lomadji R. S. S.
  • Lomadji R. S. S.
  • Department of Biology and Plant Physiology, Biosciences Laboratory, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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Dabire K.
  • Dabire K.
  • Department of Biology and Plant Physiology, Biosciences Laboratory, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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Bertin M’Bi Zagre
  • Bertin M’Bi Zagre
  • Département Productions Végétales, Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA) 04 BP 8645 Ouagadougou 04, Burkina Faso.
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Marc Burow
  • Marc Burow
  • Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Texas A&M AgriLife Research, 1102 East FM 1294, TX 79403, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA.
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Philippe Sankara
  • Philippe Sankara
  • Department of Biology and Plant Physiology, Biosciences Laboratory, University Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso.
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  •  Received: 09 August 2019
  •  Accepted: 04 November 2019
  •  Published: 30 November 2019

Abstract

Peanut is of paramount importance in human and animal nutrition, as well as in improving producers’ income. However, its production is faced with abiotic and biotic constraints. Among the biotic constraints, Cercosporiosis diseases are a major handicap in Burkina Faso. In order to minimize the impact of these diseases on peanut yield, important work has been carried out and is still ongoing to select and develop resistant genotypes. This study, carried out in Gampela is aimed at testing the agronomic performance of 30 peanut genotypes from Texas in comparison with a local one (TS32-1). The experiment was carried out using a Fisher (3) repetition block experimental system and the data were processed using XLSTAT pro software. Parameters such as the growth percentage on 15 days after sowing, the survival rate, the severity of the disease and the yield were measured. With respect to Cercosporiosis susceptibility, only the local genotype TS32-1 was sensitive; the genotypes TxL151109-02, TxL151134-02, TxL151148-04, TxL151121-03, TxL151107-01 and TxL151151-01 were moderately resistant.  Only genotype TxL151109-02 had a higher yield (0.36 t/ha) than that of the local one TS32-1 (0.28 t/ha) and the lowest yield was from the genotype TxL151105-05 (0.03 t/ha).

Key words: Arachis hypogaea, agronomic performance, Cercosporiosis, yield, Burkina Faso, Texas.